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Effect of ozone and ammonium hydroxide treatments on the composition and in‐vitro digestibility of cotton straw
Year:
1980
Authors :
Ben Ghedalia, Daniel
;
.
Miron, Joshua
;
.
Shefet, Gad
;
.
Volume :
31
Co-Authors:
Ben‐Ghedalia, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Shefet, G., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Miron, J., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1337
To page:
1342
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Cotton straw (CS) was treated with ozone, ammonium hydroxide and a combination of the two, and the effect of the treatments on the composition of cell wall (CW) fractions and on in vitro organic matter digestibility (OMD) was studied. The ammonium hydroxide treatment did not affect the lignin content, but a reduction of 50% in lignin and hemicellulose, and a corresponding increase in cell contents, were found in the ozone‐treated materials. The pH of CS was reduced from 6.11 to 2.28 by ozone, probably due to the formation of organic acids derived from the oxidised lignin. Plateau‐like ultraviolet (u.v.) spectra of the water extracts were obtained with all the treatments indicating that a variety of u.v. absorbing substances, including phenolic components, have been released. The extinction at 280 nm, suggested to indicate the concentration of phenolic components, was increased compared to the untreated CS by 37 and 98% with the ozone and the combined treatment, respectively; the ammonium hydroxide treatment had little effect. In vitro OMD was significantly increased by more than 100% by the ozone treatments, as a result of the partial conversion of cell walls into cell contents and the increased degradation of the CW. Ozone treatments increased the initial rate of in vitro OMD. Copyright © 1980 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
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DOI :
10.1002/jsfa.2740311218
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23714
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:02
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Scientific Publication
Effect of ozone and ammonium hydroxide treatments on the composition and in‐vitro digestibility of cotton straw
31
Ben‐Ghedalia, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Shefet, G., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Miron, J., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Effect of ozone and ammonium hydroxide treatments on the composition and in‐vitro digestibility of cotton straw
Cotton straw (CS) was treated with ozone, ammonium hydroxide and a combination of the two, and the effect of the treatments on the composition of cell wall (CW) fractions and on in vitro organic matter digestibility (OMD) was studied. The ammonium hydroxide treatment did not affect the lignin content, but a reduction of 50% in lignin and hemicellulose, and a corresponding increase in cell contents, were found in the ozone‐treated materials. The pH of CS was reduced from 6.11 to 2.28 by ozone, probably due to the formation of organic acids derived from the oxidised lignin. Plateau‐like ultraviolet (u.v.) spectra of the water extracts were obtained with all the treatments indicating that a variety of u.v. absorbing substances, including phenolic components, have been released. The extinction at 280 nm, suggested to indicate the concentration of phenolic components, was increased compared to the untreated CS by 37 and 98% with the ozone and the combined treatment, respectively; the ammonium hydroxide treatment had little effect. In vitro OMD was significantly increased by more than 100% by the ozone treatments, as a result of the partial conversion of cell walls into cell contents and the increased degradation of the CW. Ozone treatments increased the initial rate of in vitro OMD. Copyright © 1980 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Scientific Publication
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