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Adsorption of Azospirillum brasilense to corn roots
Year:
1986
Source of publication :
Soil Biology and Biochemistry
Authors :
Kapulnik, Yoram
;
.
Volume :
18
Co-Authors:
Gafny, R., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Okon, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Kapulnik, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Fischer, M., BioTechnology General Ltd, Kiryat Weizmann, Rehovot 76326, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
69
To page:
75
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
The adsorption of Azospirillum brasilense strain Cd to corn roots was measured using 32P-labeled Azospirillum cells. Binding kinetics showed that adherence of bacteria to roots increased during the first 90 min and attained a maximum level within 4.5 h. Maximum binding occurred at pH 6.1. The presence of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ or poly-l-lysine (a polycation) reduced binding. Bacterial adherence to roots increased with increasing bacterial concentration up to 109 cells ml-1 of binding mixture. At higher concentrations, binding approached saturation. The bacteria attached to the roots and the bacteria in the solution around the roots were found to be in a dynamic equilibrium. Killing bacteria or roots with heat or glutaraldehyde inhibited the attachment. High concentrations of bacteria in the binding mixture (109-1011 cells ml-1) resulted in binding of bacteria to the roots in aggregates. The presence of several sugars, amino acids and organic acids inhibited adsorption. Chemotaxis of Azospirillum towards corn root exudates was observed. Treating the extract with trypsin eliminated this effect. At pH 6.1, Azospirillum brasilense strain Cd adsorbed in higher numbers than Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas flourescens and Escherichia coli. Differences in adsorption levels were also found among several strains and mutants of Azospirillum. © 1986.
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More details
DOI :
10.1016/0038-0717(86)90105-7
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23798
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:02
Scientific Publication
Adsorption of Azospirillum brasilense to corn roots
18
Gafny, R., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Okon, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Kapulnik, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Fischer, M., BioTechnology General Ltd, Kiryat Weizmann, Rehovot 76326, Israel
Adsorption of Azospirillum brasilense to corn roots
The adsorption of Azospirillum brasilense strain Cd to corn roots was measured using 32P-labeled Azospirillum cells. Binding kinetics showed that adherence of bacteria to roots increased during the first 90 min and attained a maximum level within 4.5 h. Maximum binding occurred at pH 6.1. The presence of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ or poly-l-lysine (a polycation) reduced binding. Bacterial adherence to roots increased with increasing bacterial concentration up to 109 cells ml-1 of binding mixture. At higher concentrations, binding approached saturation. The bacteria attached to the roots and the bacteria in the solution around the roots were found to be in a dynamic equilibrium. Killing bacteria or roots with heat or glutaraldehyde inhibited the attachment. High concentrations of bacteria in the binding mixture (109-1011 cells ml-1) resulted in binding of bacteria to the roots in aggregates. The presence of several sugars, amino acids and organic acids inhibited adsorption. Chemotaxis of Azospirillum towards corn root exudates was observed. Treating the extract with trypsin eliminated this effect. At pH 6.1, Azospirillum brasilense strain Cd adsorbed in higher numbers than Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas flourescens and Escherichia coli. Differences in adsorption levels were also found among several strains and mutants of Azospirillum. © 1986.
Scientific Publication
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