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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
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Molecular breeding in fig (Ficus carica) by the use of genetic transformation
Year:
2008
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Flaishman, Moshe
;
.
Golobovich, Sara
;
.
Perl, Avi
;
.
Solomon, Anat
;
.
Yablowitz, Zeev
;
.
Volume :
798
Co-Authors:
Flaishman, M.A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yablovich, Z., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Golobovich, S., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Salamon, A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Cohen, Y., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Perl, A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yancheva, S.D., Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Agricultural University, 12 Mendeleev St., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Kerem, Z., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Haklay, E., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
151
To page:
158
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
An efficient and reproducible system for regeneration and agrobacterium-mediated transformation of the common fig (Ficus carica L.) cultivars Brown Turkey (fresh consumption) and Smyrna (dry consumption) was developed. Optimal shoot regeneration (up to 100%) was obtained on MS basal salt mixture supplemented with 100 mg L-1 myo-inositol, 1 mg L -1 thiamine HCl and addition of 2.0 mg L-1 Thidiazuron (TDZ), 2 mg L-1 Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), 4% sucrose and 0.8% agar. Regeneration was highly dependent on the dorsoventral orientation of the expiants: When expiants were cultured with the adaxial surface up, 100% regeneration was achieved with more than 5 shoots per regenerating expiant in both studied cultivars. Leaf expiants of in vitro propagated plants were co-cultivated with the disarmed Agrobacterium strain EHA105 harboring the plasmid pME504 that carried the uidA-intron, bar and nptII genes. Transformation efficiencies were in a range of 1.7-10.0% for cv. Brown Turkey and 2.8-7.8% for cv. Smyrna. The transgenic nature of the regenerated plants was confirmed by molecular analyses (PCR and Southern blot), as well as by GUS staining and Basta resistance. Similar to regeneration, the orientation of the leaf surface during organogenesis was a key factor for successful transformation. To introduce health-beneficial compounds into the Brown Turkey cultivar it was transformed with grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cDNA encoding stilbene synthase, transcriptionally regulated by an enhanced cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. The gene encoding stilbene synthase is responsible for the synthesis of the compound resveratrol. Resveratrol considered to have beneficial effects on health, including anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet and anti-carcinogenic activities. Three transgenic cv. Brown Turkey plants were obtained and resveratrol was identified in these three-month-old rooted transgenic plants. Successful transformation of commercial fig cultivars provides a new promising tool for the introduction of desired genes into transgenic fig cultivars. The regeneration and transformation methodologies described here may pave the way for transgenic varieties with improved agronomic characteristics, such as storability and disease resistance, and will provide a means for the production of desired proteins in the edible parts of fig, leading to improved nutritional and/or pharmaceutical composition.
Note:
Related Files :
Agrobacterium
Bar
Carica papaya
Cauliflower mosaic virus
Ficus carica
GUS
Rhizobium
Vitaceae
Vitis
Show More
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More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Conference paper
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24011
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:04
Scientific Publication
Molecular breeding in fig (Ficus carica) by the use of genetic transformation
798
Flaishman, M.A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yablovich, Z., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Golobovich, S., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Salamon, A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Cohen, Y., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Perl, A., Department of Fruit Trees, Institute of Horticulture, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yancheva, S.D., Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, Agricultural University, 12 Mendeleev St., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Kerem, Z., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Haklay, E., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Molecular breeding in fig (Ficus carica) by the use of genetic transformation
An efficient and reproducible system for regeneration and agrobacterium-mediated transformation of the common fig (Ficus carica L.) cultivars Brown Turkey (fresh consumption) and Smyrna (dry consumption) was developed. Optimal shoot regeneration (up to 100%) was obtained on MS basal salt mixture supplemented with 100 mg L-1 myo-inositol, 1 mg L -1 thiamine HCl and addition of 2.0 mg L-1 Thidiazuron (TDZ), 2 mg L-1 Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), 4% sucrose and 0.8% agar. Regeneration was highly dependent on the dorsoventral orientation of the expiants: When expiants were cultured with the adaxial surface up, 100% regeneration was achieved with more than 5 shoots per regenerating expiant in both studied cultivars. Leaf expiants of in vitro propagated plants were co-cultivated with the disarmed Agrobacterium strain EHA105 harboring the plasmid pME504 that carried the uidA-intron, bar and nptII genes. Transformation efficiencies were in a range of 1.7-10.0% for cv. Brown Turkey and 2.8-7.8% for cv. Smyrna. The transgenic nature of the regenerated plants was confirmed by molecular analyses (PCR and Southern blot), as well as by GUS staining and Basta resistance. Similar to regeneration, the orientation of the leaf surface during organogenesis was a key factor for successful transformation. To introduce health-beneficial compounds into the Brown Turkey cultivar it was transformed with grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cDNA encoding stilbene synthase, transcriptionally regulated by an enhanced cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. The gene encoding stilbene synthase is responsible for the synthesis of the compound resveratrol. Resveratrol considered to have beneficial effects on health, including anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet and anti-carcinogenic activities. Three transgenic cv. Brown Turkey plants were obtained and resveratrol was identified in these three-month-old rooted transgenic plants. Successful transformation of commercial fig cultivars provides a new promising tool for the introduction of desired genes into transgenic fig cultivars. The regeneration and transformation methodologies described here may pave the way for transgenic varieties with improved agronomic characteristics, such as storability and disease resistance, and will provide a means for the production of desired proteins in the edible parts of fig, leading to improved nutritional and/or pharmaceutical composition.
Scientific Publication
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