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Compositional characteristics of organic matter and its water-extractable components across a profile of organically managed soil
Year:
2017
Source of publication :
Geoderma
Authors :
Bar-Tal, Asher
;
.
Borisover, Mikhail
;
.
Krasnovsky, Arkady
;
.
Laor, Yael
;
.
Levy, Guy
;
.
Medina, Shlomit
;
.
Raviv, Michael
;
.
Saadi, Ibrahim
;
.
Sharma, Peeyush
;
.
Vager, Maggie
;
.
Volume :
286
Co-Authors:
Sharma, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel, Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, FoA Chatha, SKUAST, Jammu, India
Laor, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Raviv, M., Institute of Plant Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Medina, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Saadi, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Krasnovsky, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Vager, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bar-Tal, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
73
To page:
82
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Soil organic matter (SOM) plays a dominant role in the functionality of agricultural soils and particularly so in organic farming. Yet, there is limited knowledge on the effect of organic management in which the soil is subjected to incorporation of a variety of organic residues on the composition of SOM and water-extractable organic matter (WEOM) in top and sub-surface soil layers. The general objective of this study was to quantify depth-related changes in the composition of SOM and WEOM in an organically managed soil subjected to multiple compost applications, using spectroscopic techniques requiring no or minimal soil sample pre-treatment. We collected soil samples across the top 60 cm on October 2012 from an existing field experiment initiated in late 2009, which was organically fertilized by means of compost and green manure incorporation. Compost was applied at levels of 0 (control), 20, 40 and 60 m3 ha− 1, with the control treatment being fertilized with urea and amended with green manure. The collected samples were then used to characterize (i) SOM by FTIR absorbance associated with hydrophilic SOM functional groups and aliphatic CHs, total organic C and N contents, and (ii) WEOM by dissolved organic C (DOC) concentration, UV–VIS absorbance and fluorescent components identified following parallel factor analysis. In general, for all the studied attributes the core data tended to (i) increase after compost addition, although differences among the compost doses could not always be identified, and (ii) decrease with soil depth for all compost doses as well as the control treatment. Compost addition enriched soil by hydrophobic organic matter and water-extractable aromatic and, specifically, humic-like components. In the compost-amended soil, SOM became depleted of hydrophilic groups and enriched by hydrophobic aliphatic CH-rich substances. However, the content of hydrophilic organic matter in SOM was elevated with increasing depth. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Agriculture
Biological materials
Compositional characteristics
Soils
soil surveys
Spectroscopic technique
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.10.014
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24142
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:05
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Scientific Publication
Compositional characteristics of organic matter and its water-extractable components across a profile of organically managed soil
286
Sharma, P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel, Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, FoA Chatha, SKUAST, Jammu, India
Laor, Y., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Raviv, M., Institute of Plant Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Medina, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Saadi, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Krasnovsky, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, ARO, Ramat Yishai, Israel
Vager, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Levy, G.J., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bar-Tal, A., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, ARO, Bet Dagan, Israel
Compositional characteristics of organic matter and its water-extractable components across a profile of organically managed soil
Soil organic matter (SOM) plays a dominant role in the functionality of agricultural soils and particularly so in organic farming. Yet, there is limited knowledge on the effect of organic management in which the soil is subjected to incorporation of a variety of organic residues on the composition of SOM and water-extractable organic matter (WEOM) in top and sub-surface soil layers. The general objective of this study was to quantify depth-related changes in the composition of SOM and WEOM in an organically managed soil subjected to multiple compost applications, using spectroscopic techniques requiring no or minimal soil sample pre-treatment. We collected soil samples across the top 60 cm on October 2012 from an existing field experiment initiated in late 2009, which was organically fertilized by means of compost and green manure incorporation. Compost was applied at levels of 0 (control), 20, 40 and 60 m3 ha− 1, with the control treatment being fertilized with urea and amended with green manure. The collected samples were then used to characterize (i) SOM by FTIR absorbance associated with hydrophilic SOM functional groups and aliphatic CHs, total organic C and N contents, and (ii) WEOM by dissolved organic C (DOC) concentration, UV–VIS absorbance and fluorescent components identified following parallel factor analysis. In general, for all the studied attributes the core data tended to (i) increase after compost addition, although differences among the compost doses could not always be identified, and (ii) decrease with soil depth for all compost doses as well as the control treatment. Compost addition enriched soil by hydrophobic organic matter and water-extractable aromatic and, specifically, humic-like components. In the compost-amended soil, SOM became depleted of hydrophilic groups and enriched by hydrophobic aliphatic CH-rich substances. However, the content of hydrophilic organic matter in SOM was elevated with increasing depth. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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