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Grazing, mulching, and removal of wheat straw in a no-till system in a semi-arid environment
Year:
2007
Authors :
Barkai, Daniel
;
.
Genizi, Abraham
;
.
Landau, Serge Yan
;
.
Ungar, Eugene David
;
.
Volume :
58
Co-Authors:
Landau, S., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Schoenbaum, I., Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Barkai, D., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Gilat Experimental Station, M. P. Hanegev 85280, Israel
Ungar, E.D., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Genizi, A., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kigel, J., Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
907
To page:
912
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Straw mulching and no-till technologies have improved grain yields in the 250-mm-rainfall wheatbelt of the northern Negev region of Israel. However, mulching the soil with straw is incompatible with the traditional practice of baling the straw for animal fodder and/or using the stubble for sheep grazing. We compared 3 wheat straw management strategies in a no-till production system, for 4 consecutive growing seasons. The treatments were straw mulching (SM), manual removal of the straw (MR), and grazing by sheep of the straw and stubble (G). The amount of straw cover for treatment SM declined over the years, and did not reach the minimum threshold value deemed necessary to improve wheat grain yield in the region. Grain yield (1150 kg/ha) and quality (volumetric mass, 75 kg/100 L; crude protein, 127 g/kg) did not differ significantly among the 3 treatments. The density of the total seedbank was 3623, 1675, and 1499/m 2 in the G, MR, and SM treatments, respectively. This difference was due to a greater amount of small grasses (e.g. Rostraria smyrnacea). However, treatment G hosted significantly less mole and vole activity than treatments SM and MR (1.1 v. 13.6 and 12.4 dens/ha, respectively). Our data suggest that, relative to straw and stubble grazing, straw mulching offers no advantage that can be quantified in terms of wheat yield, under the conditions of this study. © CSIRO 2007.
Note:
Related Files :
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Grazing
Insectivora
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Mulching
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Rodentia
sheep
Triticum aestivum
weeds
wheat
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More details
DOI :
10.1071/AR06422
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24145
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:05
Scientific Publication
Grazing, mulching, and removal of wheat straw in a no-till system in a semi-arid environment
58
Landau, S., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Schoenbaum, I., Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Barkai, D., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Gilat Experimental Station, M. P. Hanegev 85280, Israel
Ungar, E.D., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Genizi, A., Department of Field Crops and Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kigel, J., Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PO Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Grazing, mulching, and removal of wheat straw in a no-till system in a semi-arid environment
Straw mulching and no-till technologies have improved grain yields in the 250-mm-rainfall wheatbelt of the northern Negev region of Israel. However, mulching the soil with straw is incompatible with the traditional practice of baling the straw for animal fodder and/or using the stubble for sheep grazing. We compared 3 wheat straw management strategies in a no-till production system, for 4 consecutive growing seasons. The treatments were straw mulching (SM), manual removal of the straw (MR), and grazing by sheep of the straw and stubble (G). The amount of straw cover for treatment SM declined over the years, and did not reach the minimum threshold value deemed necessary to improve wheat grain yield in the region. Grain yield (1150 kg/ha) and quality (volumetric mass, 75 kg/100 L; crude protein, 127 g/kg) did not differ significantly among the 3 treatments. The density of the total seedbank was 3623, 1675, and 1499/m 2 in the G, MR, and SM treatments, respectively. This difference was due to a greater amount of small grasses (e.g. Rostraria smyrnacea). However, treatment G hosted significantly less mole and vole activity than treatments SM and MR (1.1 v. 13.6 and 12.4 dens/ha, respectively). Our data suggest that, relative to straw and stubble grazing, straw mulching offers no advantage that can be quantified in terms of wheat yield, under the conditions of this study. © CSIRO 2007.
Scientific Publication
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