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Preharvest circumstances leading to elevated oil acidity in 'Barnea' olives
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Scientia Horticulturae
Authors :
Ben-Gal, Alon
;
.
Bustan, Amnon
;
.
Dag, Arnon
;
.
Droby, Samir
;
.
Lichter, Amnon
;
.
Orbach, David
;
.
Yermiyahu, Uri
;
.
Zchori-Fein, Einat
;
.
Zipori, Isaac
;
.
Volume :
176
Co-Authors:
Bustan, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Kerem, Z., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Droby, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zchori-Fein, E., Department of Entomology, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Orbach, D., Department of Entomology, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Zipori, I., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Dag, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
11
To page:
21
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Olive oil quality has become a foremost revenue-determining parameter for olive growers. While the upper threshold of oil acidity, a major quality standard of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), is under pressure of being reduced to below 0.8% of free fatty acids (FFA), excessive oil acidity is a frequent phenomenon, raising considerable economic concerns. Despite the many assumptions regarding the origins of FFA in olive oil, there is no concrete understanding upon which to base practical solutions. The objective of the present study was to identify the major actual reasons for excess oil acidity in a 2-year (2011-2012) countrywide survey that included 25 olive orchards of the Barnea variety. In each location, orchard management and environment were characterized, and the fruit of selected trees with specified fruit loads were sampled. Each sample underwent comprehensive analyses for fruit size, ripening index, oil and water content, incidence of insect damage and fruit rot, tree mineral nutrient status, and parameters of oil quality. Whereas geographic and environmental factors had no significant effects, excessive oil acidity was strongly associated with low fruit load (<20kgtree-1) and advanced ripening index. High N concentration in fruit was also associated with high oil acidity. Further investigations revealed a particular segment of the fruit population accounting for most of the excess FFA values: large, fully ripened, fungus-infected fruit from low-yielding trees. It appears that in-orchard unsynchronized alternate bearing leads to significant diversity of the fruit population. Consequently, mature fruit of low-yielding trees harvested too late in the season are prone to fungal infections that may have adverse effects on oil quality. Keeping this hazardous segment of produce away from the olive press might help maintain oil acidity below the desired threshold. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Economic Analysis
fatty acid
Fruit load
harvesting
Olea europeae L.
ripening
vegetable oil
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.scienta.2014.06.028
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24167
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:05
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Preharvest circumstances leading to elevated oil acidity in 'Barnea' olives
176
Bustan, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Kerem, Z., Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Lichter, A., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Droby, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zchori-Fein, E., Department of Entomology, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Orbach, D., Department of Entomology, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Zipori, I., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Dag, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ministry of Agriculture, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Preharvest circumstances leading to elevated oil acidity in 'Barnea' olives
Olive oil quality has become a foremost revenue-determining parameter for olive growers. While the upper threshold of oil acidity, a major quality standard of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), is under pressure of being reduced to below 0.8% of free fatty acids (FFA), excessive oil acidity is a frequent phenomenon, raising considerable economic concerns. Despite the many assumptions regarding the origins of FFA in olive oil, there is no concrete understanding upon which to base practical solutions. The objective of the present study was to identify the major actual reasons for excess oil acidity in a 2-year (2011-2012) countrywide survey that included 25 olive orchards of the Barnea variety. In each location, orchard management and environment were characterized, and the fruit of selected trees with specified fruit loads were sampled. Each sample underwent comprehensive analyses for fruit size, ripening index, oil and water content, incidence of insect damage and fruit rot, tree mineral nutrient status, and parameters of oil quality. Whereas geographic and environmental factors had no significant effects, excessive oil acidity was strongly associated with low fruit load (<20kgtree-1) and advanced ripening index. High N concentration in fruit was also associated with high oil acidity. Further investigations revealed a particular segment of the fruit population accounting for most of the excess FFA values: large, fully ripened, fungus-infected fruit from low-yielding trees. It appears that in-orchard unsynchronized alternate bearing leads to significant diversity of the fruit population. Consequently, mature fruit of low-yielding trees harvested too late in the season are prone to fungal infections that may have adverse effects on oil quality. Keeping this hazardous segment of produce away from the olive press might help maintain oil acidity below the desired threshold. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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