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Multifractal analysis of nitrogen adsorption isotherms obtained from organoclays exposed to different temperatures
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Vadose Zone Journal
Authors :
Borisover, Mikhail
;
.
Volume :
12
Co-Authors:
Lado, M., Univ. of A Coruña, A Zapateira s/n, 15071A Coruña, Spain
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Paz Gonzalez, A., Univ. of A Coruña, A Zapateira s/n, 15071A Coruña, Spain
Facilitators :
From page:
0
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0
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:
Multifractal analysis was applied to N2 adsorption isotherms of clays exchanged with various cations and after thermal treatments. Parameters from Rényi and singularity spectra varied with the type of cation. An interaction with temperature was observed. The parameters were correlated with organic C content, indicating a relation between thermal transformation of organic cations and sorption heterogeneity. Multifractal analysis was used to characterize changes in N2 adsorption isotherms of organoclays prepared with different cations and exposed to various thermal treatments. Wyoming bentonite was exchanged with three organic cations: benzyltrimethylammonium (BTMA-clay), tetraethylammonium (TEA-clay), and n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium exchanged at 41 and 90% of the cation exchange capacity of the clay (HDTMA41- and HDTMA90-clay). Freeze-dried organoclays were exposed to temperatures of 25, 150, 250, 360 or 420°C for 2 h, and N2 adsorption isotherms were measured at 77 K. The isotherms behaved like a multifractal, and parameters derived from Rényi and singularity spectra varied with changes in the type of exchanged cation and the treatment temperature. The main factor responsible for changes in the spectra was the type of cation, HDTMA90-clay being the organoclay that showed more differences among the sorbents. There was an interaction between the exchanged cation and the temperature. A significant correlation was found between organic C content and multifractal parameters, probably related to changes in N2 sorption as a result of thermal transformations of the organic cations. Significant correlations were also found between some multifractal parameters and the heterogeneity exponent of the Freundlich model fitted to nitrobenzene sorption isotherms measured in those organoclays. Multifractal analysis of N2 adsorption isotherms could be useful to characterize differences in the heterogeneity of sorption sites in sorption determinations. © Soil Science Society of America 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Adsorption
Benzyltrimethylammonium
Multifractal analysis
nitrogen
parameterization
Sorption
Sorption isotherms
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.2136/vzj2012.0206
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24302
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:06
Scientific Publication
Multifractal analysis of nitrogen adsorption isotherms obtained from organoclays exposed to different temperatures
12
Lado, M., Univ. of A Coruña, A Zapateira s/n, 15071A Coruña, Spain
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, POB 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Paz Gonzalez, A., Univ. of A Coruña, A Zapateira s/n, 15071A Coruña, Spain
Multifractal analysis of nitrogen adsorption isotherms obtained from organoclays exposed to different temperatures
Multifractal analysis was applied to N2 adsorption isotherms of clays exchanged with various cations and after thermal treatments. Parameters from Rényi and singularity spectra varied with the type of cation. An interaction with temperature was observed. The parameters were correlated with organic C content, indicating a relation between thermal transformation of organic cations and sorption heterogeneity. Multifractal analysis was used to characterize changes in N2 adsorption isotherms of organoclays prepared with different cations and exposed to various thermal treatments. Wyoming bentonite was exchanged with three organic cations: benzyltrimethylammonium (BTMA-clay), tetraethylammonium (TEA-clay), and n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium exchanged at 41 and 90% of the cation exchange capacity of the clay (HDTMA41- and HDTMA90-clay). Freeze-dried organoclays were exposed to temperatures of 25, 150, 250, 360 or 420°C for 2 h, and N2 adsorption isotherms were measured at 77 K. The isotherms behaved like a multifractal, and parameters derived from Rényi and singularity spectra varied with changes in the type of exchanged cation and the treatment temperature. The main factor responsible for changes in the spectra was the type of cation, HDTMA90-clay being the organoclay that showed more differences among the sorbents. There was an interaction between the exchanged cation and the temperature. A significant correlation was found between organic C content and multifractal parameters, probably related to changes in N2 sorption as a result of thermal transformations of the organic cations. Significant correlations were also found between some multifractal parameters and the heterogeneity exponent of the Freundlich model fitted to nitrobenzene sorption isotherms measured in those organoclays. Multifractal analysis of N2 adsorption isotherms could be useful to characterize differences in the heterogeneity of sorption sites in sorption determinations. © Soil Science Society of America 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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