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Etiolated stem branching is a result of systemic signaling associated with sucrose level
Year:
2017
Source of publication :
Plant physiology (source)
Authors :
Eshel, Dani
;
.
Malka, Siva Kumar
;
.
Salam, Bolaji Babajide
;
.
Teper-Bamnolker, Paula
;
.
Ziv, Carmit
;
.
Volume :
175
Co-Authors:
Salam, B.B., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel, Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Malka, S.K., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Zhu, X., Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States
Gong, H., Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States, School of Life Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, China
Ziv, C., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Bamnolker, P.T., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Ori, N., Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Jiang, J., Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States
Eshel, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
734
To page:
745
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
The potato (Solanum tuberosum) tuber is a swollen stem. Sprouts growing from the tuber nodes represent loss of apical dominance and branching. Long cold storage induces loss of tuber apical dominance and results in secondary branching. Here, we show that a similar branching pattern can be induced by short heat treatment of the tubers. Detached sprouts were induced to branch by the heat treatment only when attached to a parenchyma cylinder. Grafting experiments showed that the scion branches only when grafted onto heat- or cold-treated tuber parenchyma, suggesting that the branching signal is transmitted systemically from the bud-base parenchyma to the grafted stem. Exogenous supply of sucrose (Suc), glucose, or fructose solution to detached sprouts induced branching in a dose-responsive manner, and an increase in Suc level was observed in tuber parenchyma upon branching induction, suggesting a role for elevated parenchyma sugars in the regulation of branching. However, sugar analysis of the apex and node after grafting showed no distinct differences in sugar levels between branching and nonbranching stems. Vacuolar invertase is a key enzyme in determining the level of Suc and its cleavage products, glucose and fructose, in potato parenchyma. Silencing of the vacuolar invertase-encoding gene led to increased tuber branching in combination with branching-inducing treatments. These results suggest that Suc in the parenchyma induces branching through signaling and not by excess mobilization from the parenchyma to the stem. © 2017 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.
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More details
DOI :
10.1104/pp.17.00995
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24381
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:07
Scientific Publication
Etiolated stem branching is a result of systemic signaling associated with sucrose level
175
Salam, B.B., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel, Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Malka, S.K., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Zhu, X., Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States
Gong, H., Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States, School of Life Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, China
Ziv, C., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Bamnolker, P.T., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Ori, N., Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Jiang, J., Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States
Eshel, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Etiolated stem branching is a result of systemic signaling associated with sucrose level
The potato (Solanum tuberosum) tuber is a swollen stem. Sprouts growing from the tuber nodes represent loss of apical dominance and branching. Long cold storage induces loss of tuber apical dominance and results in secondary branching. Here, we show that a similar branching pattern can be induced by short heat treatment of the tubers. Detached sprouts were induced to branch by the heat treatment only when attached to a parenchyma cylinder. Grafting experiments showed that the scion branches only when grafted onto heat- or cold-treated tuber parenchyma, suggesting that the branching signal is transmitted systemically from the bud-base parenchyma to the grafted stem. Exogenous supply of sucrose (Suc), glucose, or fructose solution to detached sprouts induced branching in a dose-responsive manner, and an increase in Suc level was observed in tuber parenchyma upon branching induction, suggesting a role for elevated parenchyma sugars in the regulation of branching. However, sugar analysis of the apex and node after grafting showed no distinct differences in sugar levels between branching and nonbranching stems. Vacuolar invertase is a key enzyme in determining the level of Suc and its cleavage products, glucose and fructose, in potato parenchyma. Silencing of the vacuolar invertase-encoding gene led to increased tuber branching in combination with branching-inducing treatments. These results suggest that Suc in the parenchyma induces branching through signaling and not by excess mobilization from the parenchyma to the stem. © 2017 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.
Scientific Publication
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