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The effects of UV radiation on arthropods: A review of recent publications (2010-2015)
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Ben-Yakir, David
;
.
Volume :
1134
Co-Authors:
Ben-Yakir, D., Agricultural Research Organization, POB 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Fereres, A., Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias-CSIC, C/Serrano 115 dpdo, Madrid, Spain
Facilitators :
From page:
335
To page:
342
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Insects and mites use optical cues for finding host plants and for orientation during flight. These arthropods often use UV radiation as the cue for taking-off and for orientation. Growing crop plants without UV often leads to low pest infestation, slow dispersal of pests and low incidences of insect borne diseases. Therefore, covering crops with plastics or screens containing UV-blocking additives provides protection from pests and diseases compared to standard cladding materials. The attraction of insects to host plants and to monitoring traps is enhanced by moderate UV reflection. In contrast, high UV reflection (over 25%) acts as a deterrent for most arthropods. Direct exposure of arthropods to UV often elicits stress responses and it is damaging or lethal to some life stages. Therefore, direct exposure of arthropods to UV often induces an avoidance behavior and this is why they often reside on the abaxial side of leaves or inside plant apices as a means to avoid solar UV. Solar UV often elicits stress response in host plants, which indirectly may reduce infestation by certain arthropod pests. Jasmonate signaling plays a central role in the mechanisms by which solar UV increases resistance to insect herbivores in the field. Thus, UV radiation affects agroecosystems by complex interactions between several trophic levels. A summary of recent publications is presented and discussed.
Note:
Related Files :
Arthropod pests
Beneficial arthropods
Induction of stress
UVA
UVB
UV blocking
UV reflection
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1134.44
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Review
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24736
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:09
Scientific Publication
The effects of UV radiation on arthropods: A review of recent publications (2010-2015)
1134
Ben-Yakir, D., Agricultural Research Organization, POB 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Fereres, A., Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias-CSIC, C/Serrano 115 dpdo, Madrid, Spain
The effects of UV radiation on arthropods: A review of recent publications (2010-2015)
Insects and mites use optical cues for finding host plants and for orientation during flight. These arthropods often use UV radiation as the cue for taking-off and for orientation. Growing crop plants without UV often leads to low pest infestation, slow dispersal of pests and low incidences of insect borne diseases. Therefore, covering crops with plastics or screens containing UV-blocking additives provides protection from pests and diseases compared to standard cladding materials. The attraction of insects to host plants and to monitoring traps is enhanced by moderate UV reflection. In contrast, high UV reflection (over 25%) acts as a deterrent for most arthropods. Direct exposure of arthropods to UV often elicits stress responses and it is damaging or lethal to some life stages. Therefore, direct exposure of arthropods to UV often induces an avoidance behavior and this is why they often reside on the abaxial side of leaves or inside plant apices as a means to avoid solar UV. Solar UV often elicits stress response in host plants, which indirectly may reduce infestation by certain arthropod pests. Jasmonate signaling plays a central role in the mechanisms by which solar UV increases resistance to insect herbivores in the field. Thus, UV radiation affects agroecosystems by complex interactions between several trophic levels. A summary of recent publications is presented and discussed.
Scientific Publication
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