Advanced Search
aquaculture (source)
Hertz, Y., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Madar, Z., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Hepher, B., Agricultural Research Organization, Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Israel
Gertler, A., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
The basal glucose levels in carp plasma are in the same range as in mammals. Glucose tolerance tests in fish resulted in prolonged hyperglycemia with disposal rates resembling the diabetic state in mammals. Increasing doses of glucose and various physiological conditions had little effect on glucose disposal rates, suggesting a low sensitivity of insulin towards glucose levels. High rates of gluconeogenesis from 14C alanine were observed in starved fish and in fish fed a high-protein diet. The transformation of the amino acid to glucose via organic acid intermediates revealed a sensitive control of this pathway, probably at the substrate level. Treatment with cobalt or chromium salts improved glucose utilization and inhibited gluconeogenesis, most likely by modulating the endogenous insulin activity. In preliminary studies, cobalt also increased the incorporation of labelled amino acid into fish protein. These results might indicate a protein-sparing effect, thereby allowing a reduction in the protein levels in the fish diet while increasing the levels of these minerals in the diet. © 1989.
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Glucose metabolism in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): the effects of cobalt and chromium
76
Hertz, Y., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Madar, Z., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Hepher, B., Agricultural Research Organization, Fish and Aquaculture Research Station, Israel
Gertler, A., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Biochemistry and Human Nutrition, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Glucose metabolism in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): the effects of cobalt and chromium
The basal glucose levels in carp plasma are in the same range as in mammals. Glucose tolerance tests in fish resulted in prolonged hyperglycemia with disposal rates resembling the diabetic state in mammals. Increasing doses of glucose and various physiological conditions had little effect on glucose disposal rates, suggesting a low sensitivity of insulin towards glucose levels. High rates of gluconeogenesis from 14C alanine were observed in starved fish and in fish fed a high-protein diet. The transformation of the amino acid to glucose via organic acid intermediates revealed a sensitive control of this pathway, probably at the substrate level. Treatment with cobalt or chromium salts improved glucose utilization and inhibited gluconeogenesis, most likely by modulating the endogenous insulin activity. In preliminary studies, cobalt also increased the incorporation of labelled amino acid into fish protein. These results might indicate a protein-sparing effect, thereby allowing a reduction in the protein levels in the fish diet while increasing the levels of these minerals in the diet. © 1989.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in