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Effect of chemical treatments on the degradability of cotton straw by rumen microorganisms and by fungal cellulase
Year:
1981
Source of publication :
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Authors :
Ben Ghedalia, Daniel
;
.
Miron, Joshua
;
.
Volume :
23
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
2863
To page:
2873
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Three different chemical treatments—sulfur dioxide, ozone, and sodium hydroxide—were applied on cotton straw, and the effect on cell‐wall degradability was assessed by using rumen microorganism and Trichoderma reesei cellulase. Sulfur dioxide (applied at 70°C for 72 h) did not change the lignin content of cotton straw but reduced the concentration of hemicellulose by 48%. Ozone exerted a dual effect, both on lignin (a 40% reduction) and hemicellulose (a 54% decrease). The treatment with NaOH did not solublize cell‐wall components. The in vitro organic matter digestibility with rumen fluid of cotton straw was increased significantly by ozone and SO2 treatments, by 120% and 50%, respectively, but not by NaOH. T. reesei cellulase was applied on the chemically pretreated cotton straw at a low level (6 filter paper U/g straw, organic matter), and the release of reducing sugars was determined. The highest level of reducing sugars (30.6 g/100 g organic matter) was obtained with the O3‐cellulase combination, which solubilized 64% of the cellulose and 88% of the hemicellulose. the SO2‐ and the NaOH‐pretreated cotton straw were hydrolyzed by T. reesei cellulase to the same extent (21 g reducing sugars/100 g organic matter). The rumen fluid digestibility of the enzymatic ally hydrolyzed straw was not increased further over the effect already obtained with the chemical pretreatments. However, the fermentability of the combined treatments was increased markedly. In the O3‐cellulase‐treated cotton straw, 83% of the rumen fluid digestible material consisted of highly fermentable components. Although ozone proved to be the most potent pretreatment for enzymic saccharification in this study, the absolute result was modest. The limited effect of the combined O3‐cellulase treatment was probably associated with the pretreatment limitations, but not with the enzyme level. Based on the differential response of the chemically treated cotton straw to attack by rumen microorganisms on the one hand, and by T. reesei cellulase on the other hand, a hypothesis has been suggested as to the location of lignin and hemicellulose in the cellwall unit of cotton straw. Copyright © 1981 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Note:
Related Files :
Biological materials
Carbohydrate
Cell-wall components
fungi
Microbial degradation
Microbiology
microorganisms
solubilization
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1002/bit.260231219
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
24996
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:11
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Effect of chemical treatments on the degradability of cotton straw by rumen microorganisms and by fungal cellulase
23
Effect of chemical treatments on the degradability of cotton straw by rumen microorganisms and by fungal cellulase
Three different chemical treatments—sulfur dioxide, ozone, and sodium hydroxide—were applied on cotton straw, and the effect on cell‐wall degradability was assessed by using rumen microorganism and Trichoderma reesei cellulase. Sulfur dioxide (applied at 70°C for 72 h) did not change the lignin content of cotton straw but reduced the concentration of hemicellulose by 48%. Ozone exerted a dual effect, both on lignin (a 40% reduction) and hemicellulose (a 54% decrease). The treatment with NaOH did not solublize cell‐wall components. The in vitro organic matter digestibility with rumen fluid of cotton straw was increased significantly by ozone and SO2 treatments, by 120% and 50%, respectively, but not by NaOH. T. reesei cellulase was applied on the chemically pretreated cotton straw at a low level (6 filter paper U/g straw, organic matter), and the release of reducing sugars was determined. The highest level of reducing sugars (30.6 g/100 g organic matter) was obtained with the O3‐cellulase combination, which solubilized 64% of the cellulose and 88% of the hemicellulose. the SO2‐ and the NaOH‐pretreated cotton straw were hydrolyzed by T. reesei cellulase to the same extent (21 g reducing sugars/100 g organic matter). The rumen fluid digestibility of the enzymatic ally hydrolyzed straw was not increased further over the effect already obtained with the chemical pretreatments. However, the fermentability of the combined treatments was increased markedly. In the O3‐cellulase‐treated cotton straw, 83% of the rumen fluid digestible material consisted of highly fermentable components. Although ozone proved to be the most potent pretreatment for enzymic saccharification in this study, the absolute result was modest. The limited effect of the combined O3‐cellulase treatment was probably associated with the pretreatment limitations, but not with the enzyme level. Based on the differential response of the chemically treated cotton straw to attack by rumen microorganisms on the one hand, and by T. reesei cellulase on the other hand, a hypothesis has been suggested as to the location of lignin and hemicellulose in the cellwall unit of cotton straw. Copyright © 1981 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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