Animal Reproduction Science
Shaham-Albalancy, A., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nyska, A., School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Kaim, M., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Rosenberg, M., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Folman, Y., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Wolfenson, D., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of vaginal progesterone (P4) administered during the luteal phase, on endometrial morphology during the subsequent oestrous cycle. In experiment 1, lactating Holstein cows were allotted to three groups: (1) Control group in which cows remained untreated; (2) The CIDR group in which cows were treated with two P4-containing controlled intravaginal-drug releasing devices (CIDR) during days (d) 6-12 of the cycle; and (3) The PG + CIDR group of cows that received two prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) injections on d 6 and 7 of the oestrous cycle, to regress the corpus luteum (CL), and were treated with CIDRs on d 6-12, like the CIDR group. All cows were slaughtered on d 3 of the subsequent oestrous cycle. In experiment 2, cows were allotted to three groups: (1) Control cows that remained untreated; (2) CIDR cows that were treated with two CIDRs from d 6 to 15; and (3) Early PG cows that received three i.m. injections of PGF2α on d 3 and 4 of the oestrous cycle to reduce plasma P4. All cows were slaughtered on d 15 of the subsequent cycle. In both experiments, blood was collected during the treated and subsequent cycles to determine P4 and oestradiol (E2) concentrations, and tissue samples from the uterine horn ipsilateral to the CL were collected on the day of slaughter to evaluate endometrial morphology. In both experiments, plasma P4 differed between treatments during the treated cycle but no differences in P4 and E2 concentrations were recorded during the subsequent cycle. In experiment 1, the endometrial morphology of the cows from CIDR and PG + CIDR groups differed from that found in the control group: The surface epithelium was medium to high and the glands were round and tortuous, as compared with low epithelium and oblong glands in the control. In addition, the density of blood vessels and the level of edema was higher in the CIDR-treated cows than in the control cows. In experiment 2, the endometrial morphology of the CIDR-treated group differed from that of the control and early PG groups: Low surface epithelium and oblong glands in the former compared with high epithelium cells and tortuous glands in the latter. In summary, P4 supplementation during the luteal phase had a delayed effect on endometrial morphology at different stages of the subsequent oestrous cycle.
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Delayed effect of progesterone on endometrial morphology in dairy cows
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Shaham-Albalancy, A., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Nyska, A., School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Kaim, M., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Rosenberg, M., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Folman, Y., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Wolfenson, D., Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Delayed effect of progesterone on endometrial morphology in dairy cows
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of vaginal progesterone (P4) administered during the luteal phase, on endometrial morphology during the subsequent oestrous cycle. In experiment 1, lactating Holstein cows were allotted to three groups: (1) Control group in which cows remained untreated; (2) The CIDR group in which cows were treated with two P4-containing controlled intravaginal-drug releasing devices (CIDR) during days (d) 6-12 of the cycle; and (3) The PG + CIDR group of cows that received two prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) injections on d 6 and 7 of the oestrous cycle, to regress the corpus luteum (CL), and were treated with CIDRs on d 6-12, like the CIDR group. All cows were slaughtered on d 3 of the subsequent oestrous cycle. In experiment 2, cows were allotted to three groups: (1) Control cows that remained untreated; (2) CIDR cows that were treated with two CIDRs from d 6 to 15; and (3) Early PG cows that received three i.m. injections of PGF2α on d 3 and 4 of the oestrous cycle to reduce plasma P4. All cows were slaughtered on d 15 of the subsequent cycle. In both experiments, blood was collected during the treated and subsequent cycles to determine P4 and oestradiol (E2) concentrations, and tissue samples from the uterine horn ipsilateral to the CL were collected on the day of slaughter to evaluate endometrial morphology. In both experiments, plasma P4 differed between treatments during the treated cycle but no differences in P4 and E2 concentrations were recorded during the subsequent cycle. In experiment 1, the endometrial morphology of the cows from CIDR and PG + CIDR groups differed from that found in the control group: The surface epithelium was medium to high and the glands were round and tortuous, as compared with low epithelium and oblong glands in the control. In addition, the density of blood vessels and the level of edema was higher in the CIDR-treated cows than in the control cows. In experiment 2, the endometrial morphology of the CIDR-treated group differed from that of the control and early PG groups: Low surface epithelium and oblong glands in the former compared with high epithelium cells and tortuous glands in the latter. In summary, P4 supplementation during the luteal phase had a delayed effect on endometrial morphology at different stages of the subsequent oestrous cycle.
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