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Phytoparasitica
Ben-Yephet, Y.
Pinkas, Y., Div. of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Viability of individual microsclerotia (MS) of Verticillium dahliae of different sizes (<37 μm, 37-74 μm, 75-125 μm) was studied throughout repeated transfers in a moist chamber. Germination rate and number of germinating hyphae were positively correlated with the size of the MS. After 13 transfers, some MS of the above size ranges still germinated; some MS germinated until they lost their viability; others did not germinate for a while and then started germinating again. The length of germination time of MS on a synthetic medium was 8 days, with slight differences between MS originating from soil and those from one-year-old potato stems. Fresh MS from potato stems, however, completed their germination after 36 hours. Fewer MS (size <37 μm) were isolated from soil by the wet-sieving than by the dry-sieving technique. This finding and microscopic observations lend further support to the assumption that MS exist in soil partly in clusters. © 1977 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
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Germination of individual microsclerotia of Verticillium dahliae
5
Ben-Yephet, Y.
Pinkas, Y., Div. of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Germination of individual microsclerotia of Verticillium dahliae
Viability of individual microsclerotia (MS) of Verticillium dahliae of different sizes (<37 μm, 37-74 μm, 75-125 μm) was studied throughout repeated transfers in a moist chamber. Germination rate and number of germinating hyphae were positively correlated with the size of the MS. After 13 transfers, some MS of the above size ranges still germinated; some MS germinated until they lost their viability; others did not germinate for a while and then started germinating again. The length of germination time of MS on a synthetic medium was 8 days, with slight differences between MS originating from soil and those from one-year-old potato stems. Fresh MS from potato stems, however, completed their germination after 36 hours. Fewer MS (size <37 μm) were isolated from soil by the wet-sieving than by the dry-sieving technique. This finding and microscopic observations lend further support to the assumption that MS exist in soil partly in clusters. © 1977 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Scientific Publication
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