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Phytopathology
Chellemi, D.O., Driscoll's, 1750 San Juan Road, Aromas, CA, United States
Gamliel, A., Laboratory of Pest Management Research, ARO Volcani Center, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bet Dagan, Israel
Katan, J., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Subbarao, K.V., Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, United States
Biological suppression of soilborne diseases with minimal use of outside interventive actions has been difficult to achieve in high input conventional crop production systems due to the inherent risk of pest resurgence. This review examines previous approaches to the management of soilborne disease as precursors to the evolution of a systems-based approach, in which plant disease suppression through natural biological feedback mechanisms in soil is incorporated into the design and operation of cropping systems. Two case studies are provided as examples in which a systems-based approach is being developed and deployed in the production of high value crops: lettuce/strawberry production in the coastal valleys of central California (United States) and sweet basil and other herb crop production in Israel. Considerations for developing and deploying system-based approaches are discussed and operational frameworks and metrics to guide their development are presented with the goal of offering a credible alternative to conventional approaches to soilborne disease management. © 2016 The American Phytopathological Society.
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Development and deployment of systems-based approaches for the management of soilborne plant pathogens
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Chellemi, D.O., Driscoll's, 1750 San Juan Road, Aromas, CA, United States
Gamliel, A., Laboratory of Pest Management Research, ARO Volcani Center, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bet Dagan, Israel
Katan, J., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Subbarao, K.V., Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, United States
Development and deployment of systems-based approaches for the management of soilborne plant pathogens
Biological suppression of soilborne diseases with minimal use of outside interventive actions has been difficult to achieve in high input conventional crop production systems due to the inherent risk of pest resurgence. This review examines previous approaches to the management of soilborne disease as precursors to the evolution of a systems-based approach, in which plant disease suppression through natural biological feedback mechanisms in soil is incorporated into the design and operation of cropping systems. Two case studies are provided as examples in which a systems-based approach is being developed and deployed in the production of high value crops: lettuce/strawberry production in the coastal valleys of central California (United States) and sweet basil and other herb crop production in Israel. Considerations for developing and deploying system-based approaches are discussed and operational frameworks and metrics to guide their development are presented with the goal of offering a credible alternative to conventional approaches to soilborne disease management. © 2016 The American Phytopathological Society.
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