Advanced Search
Annals of Applied Biology
UZIEL, A., Department of Entomology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P O Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
SHTIENBERG, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Persistence of conidia of an isolate of Erynia radicans (Syn. Zoophthora radicans) was investigated in relation to the meteorological conditions which occurred during autumn‐winter of 1990–91 in the coastal plain in Israel. Capilljconidia shielded from the sun, placed on the abaxial surface of leaves of Plumeria acuminata, persisted for 24 h to at least 120 h. Exposed capilliconidia, placed on the adaxial surface of the same leaves, died within 24 h. Almost all the primary conidia shielded from the sun (placed on the abaxial surface of the same leaves) died within a single day. Conidial viability was expressed in subsequent germination on an agar medium. Capilliconidial persistence was closely related to the daily air temperatures, expressed as cumulative day‐degrees. Differences in relative humidity had no substantial effect on capilliconidial mortality. At daytime temperatures of ≤ 20°C, mortality after 24 h incubation was lowest (≤ 34%) and the persistence duration, longest (at least 120 h). Increases in daytime temperature up to 24°C for a few hours increased mortality (37–57% after 24 h incubation) and shortened the persistence duration (72–120 h). Exposure to 24–29°C during daytime greatly increased mortality (65–58% after 24 h) and further shortened the persistence duration (24–48 h). Daytime temperatures of > 29°C were lethal to all capilliconidia within 24 h. Temperature had a profound effect on capilliconidial persistence also under controlled environmental conditions. The significance of capiliiconidial persistence is discussed in relation to activity of the fungus in its natural environment. Copyright © 1993, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Effect of meteorological variates on persistence of primary conidia and capilliconidia of Erynia radicans (Zygomycotin: ntomophthorales) under natural conditions
122
UZIEL, A., Department of Entomology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, P O Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
SHTIENBERG, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P O Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Effect of meteorological variates on persistence of primary conidia and capilliconidia of Erynia radicans (Zygomycotin: ntomophthorales) under natural conditions
Persistence of conidia of an isolate of Erynia radicans (Syn. Zoophthora radicans) was investigated in relation to the meteorological conditions which occurred during autumn‐winter of 1990–91 in the coastal plain in Israel. Capilljconidia shielded from the sun, placed on the abaxial surface of leaves of Plumeria acuminata, persisted for 24 h to at least 120 h. Exposed capilliconidia, placed on the adaxial surface of the same leaves, died within 24 h. Almost all the primary conidia shielded from the sun (placed on the abaxial surface of the same leaves) died within a single day. Conidial viability was expressed in subsequent germination on an agar medium. Capilliconidial persistence was closely related to the daily air temperatures, expressed as cumulative day‐degrees. Differences in relative humidity had no substantial effect on capilliconidial mortality. At daytime temperatures of ≤ 20°C, mortality after 24 h incubation was lowest (≤ 34%) and the persistence duration, longest (at least 120 h). Increases in daytime temperature up to 24°C for a few hours increased mortality (37–57% after 24 h incubation) and shortened the persistence duration (72–120 h). Exposure to 24–29°C during daytime greatly increased mortality (65–58% after 24 h) and further shortened the persistence duration (24–48 h). Daytime temperatures of > 29°C were lethal to all capilliconidia within 24 h. Temperature had a profound effect on capilliconidial persistence also under controlled environmental conditions. The significance of capiliiconidial persistence is discussed in relation to activity of the fungus in its natural environment. Copyright © 1993, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in