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Reuveni, M., Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, P.O. Box 97, Katzrin 12900, Israel
Sheglov, D., Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, P.O. Box 97, Katzrin 12900, Israel
Sheglov, N., Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, P.O. Box 97, Katzrin 12900, Israel
Ben-Arie, R., Fruit Storage Research Laboratory, Kiryat Shmona, Israel
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Agricultural Products, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
The fungus Alternaria alternata, is considered to be the predominant fungus involved in moldy-core of Red Delicious strains of apple. In this paper, we report on the sensitivity of various phenologic stages to infection by A. alternata, and on the efficacy of various fungicides in controlling moldy-core disease in apple orchards. Artificial inoculations conducted in the orchard during 1999 and 2000 seasons revealed that the beginning of bloom (10-30%) and full bloom were the most susceptible developmental stages for infection. Natural infection with A. alternata in fruits was relatively high, reaching 44% and 46% of the fruits on control non-treated trees in 1999 and 2000. Four foliar applications of polyoxin B, difenoconazole and azoxystrobin, starting from the beginning of bloom until fruit set, reduced the number of infected fruits by 54-70%, 61-70% and 50-65%, respectively, compared with non-treated trees. Four or eight foliar applications of each fungicide provided similar levels of control. There were no significant differences between two, four or six foliar applications of difenoconazole, neither between two or four applications of polyoxin B. Adding CaCl2, as a tank mixture with difenoconazole at full rate, did not improve efficacy. Alternaria was recovered from the inner part of the core region of 71-88% of the fruits of the non-treated control, but was recovered less frequently from the outside part of the core region. Fruits of difenoconazole and polyoxin B treated trees were less colonized with A. alternata at both the inner and outside parts of the core region, as compared with controls. Results indicate that a control programme based on spray applications of difenoconazole or polyoxin B, during bloom period, can effectively reduce Alternaria on Red Delicious.
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Sensitivity of Red Delicious apple fruit at various phenologic stages to infection by Alternaria alternata and moldy-core control
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Reuveni, M., Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, P.O. Box 97, Katzrin 12900, Israel
Sheglov, D., Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, P.O. Box 97, Katzrin 12900, Israel
Sheglov, N., Golan Research Institute, University of Haifa, P.O. Box 97, Katzrin 12900, Israel
Ben-Arie, R., Fruit Storage Research Laboratory, Kiryat Shmona, Israel
Prusky, D., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Institute of Agricultural Products, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sensitivity of Red Delicious apple fruit at various phenologic stages to infection by Alternaria alternata and moldy-core control
The fungus Alternaria alternata, is considered to be the predominant fungus involved in moldy-core of Red Delicious strains of apple. In this paper, we report on the sensitivity of various phenologic stages to infection by A. alternata, and on the efficacy of various fungicides in controlling moldy-core disease in apple orchards. Artificial inoculations conducted in the orchard during 1999 and 2000 seasons revealed that the beginning of bloom (10-30%) and full bloom were the most susceptible developmental stages for infection. Natural infection with A. alternata in fruits was relatively high, reaching 44% and 46% of the fruits on control non-treated trees in 1999 and 2000. Four foliar applications of polyoxin B, difenoconazole and azoxystrobin, starting from the beginning of bloom until fruit set, reduced the number of infected fruits by 54-70%, 61-70% and 50-65%, respectively, compared with non-treated trees. Four or eight foliar applications of each fungicide provided similar levels of control. There were no significant differences between two, four or six foliar applications of difenoconazole, neither between two or four applications of polyoxin B. Adding CaCl2, as a tank mixture with difenoconazole at full rate, did not improve efficacy. Alternaria was recovered from the inner part of the core region of 71-88% of the fruits of the non-treated control, but was recovered less frequently from the outside part of the core region. Fruits of difenoconazole and polyoxin B treated trees were less colonized with A. alternata at both the inner and outside parts of the core region, as compared with controls. Results indicate that a control programme based on spray applications of difenoconazole or polyoxin B, during bloom period, can effectively reduce Alternaria on Red Delicious.
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