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Agricultural Water Management
Li, F., Agricultural College (Eastern Campus), Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530005, China
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Naor, A., Golan Research Institute, P.O. Box 97, Kazrin 12900, Israel
Shaozong, K., Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering In the Arid and Semi-arid Areas, Ministry of Education, Northwest Sci-Tec University of Agriculture and Forestry, Shannxi, 712100, China
Erez, A., Institute of Horticultural Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Canopy structure and water use was studied on full size, fruit bearing apple (Malus domestica, Golden delicious variety) orchards on three rootstocks: M9, MM106 and the local Hashabi. Structure was measured by the gap fraction inversion method and crop water use (sap flow) by the heat pulse technique. The results showed that leaf area index (LAI) was not significantly different for each rootstock even though measured leaf area (LA) per tree differed greatly. Results also showed LAI measured destructively differed by less than I from the gap fraction inversion measurements. No significant differences in LAI between the two orchards (M9, MM106) were found in either measurement method, indicating good relative accuracy of the gap fraction inversion method. Water use of the M9 orchard was much less than that of MM 106 and Hashabi orchards, and measured water use was not well correlated with water application based on a graduated class A pan crop factor for the three orchards. The dwarfing rootstock, M9, had the lowest canopy conductance, and was found to have lower sunlit leaf conductance in the porometer measurements, so it is in a condition of water stress. However, the M9 orchard received enough irrigation, therefore, water stress in M9 orchard was probably not caused by insufficient irrigation, but by high resistance to water transport in the stem or root. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Studies of canopy structure and water use of apple trees on three rootstocks
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Li, F., Agricultural College (Eastern Campus), Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530005, China
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Naor, A., Golan Research Institute, P.O. Box 97, Kazrin 12900, Israel
Shaozong, K., Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering In the Arid and Semi-arid Areas, Ministry of Education, Northwest Sci-Tec University of Agriculture and Forestry, Shannxi, 712100, China
Erez, A., Institute of Horticultural Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Studies of canopy structure and water use of apple trees on three rootstocks
Canopy structure and water use was studied on full size, fruit bearing apple (Malus domestica, Golden delicious variety) orchards on three rootstocks: M9, MM106 and the local Hashabi. Structure was measured by the gap fraction inversion method and crop water use (sap flow) by the heat pulse technique. The results showed that leaf area index (LAI) was not significantly different for each rootstock even though measured leaf area (LA) per tree differed greatly. Results also showed LAI measured destructively differed by less than I from the gap fraction inversion measurements. No significant differences in LAI between the two orchards (M9, MM106) were found in either measurement method, indicating good relative accuracy of the gap fraction inversion method. Water use of the M9 orchard was much less than that of MM 106 and Hashabi orchards, and measured water use was not well correlated with water application based on a graduated class A pan crop factor for the three orchards. The dwarfing rootstock, M9, had the lowest canopy conductance, and was found to have lower sunlit leaf conductance in the porometer measurements, so it is in a condition of water stress. However, the M9 orchard received enough irrigation, therefore, water stress in M9 orchard was probably not caused by insufficient irrigation, but by high resistance to water transport in the stem or root. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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