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Droby, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Wisniewski, M., United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service (USDA - ARS), Appalachian Fruit Research Station, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Benkeblia, N., Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston 7, Jamaica
This chapter discusses the major causes of postharvest losses in tropical and subtropical fruits due to fungal pathogens. First, the etiology, biology and environmental and horticultural factors that are involved in infection and development of decay are reviewed. Here, understanding the relationship between production conditions and the postharvest handling chain is crucial for improving fruit quality. Details on the host-pathogen interactions of major pathogens of tropical and subtropical fruits and their modes of infection are provided. Special emphasis is given to Colletotrichum as it has a very wide host range and causes extensive postharvest losses in many fruits. Information about natural (constitutive and induced) fruit defense mechanisms in major tropical and subtropical fruit is also discussed. The chapter addresses current control strategies based mainly on the use of synthetic fungicides but also includes information on safer alternatives. © 2011 Woodhead Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
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Postharvest pathology of tropical and subtropical fruit and strategies for decay control
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Droby, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Wisniewski, M., United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service (USDA - ARS), Appalachian Fruit Research Station, 2217 Wiltshire Road, Kearneysville, WV 25430, United States
Benkeblia, N., Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston 7, Jamaica
Postharvest pathology of tropical and subtropical fruit and strategies for decay control
This chapter discusses the major causes of postharvest losses in tropical and subtropical fruits due to fungal pathogens. First, the etiology, biology and environmental and horticultural factors that are involved in infection and development of decay are reviewed. Here, understanding the relationship between production conditions and the postharvest handling chain is crucial for improving fruit quality. Details on the host-pathogen interactions of major pathogens of tropical and subtropical fruits and their modes of infection are provided. Special emphasis is given to Colletotrichum as it has a very wide host range and causes extensive postharvest losses in many fruits. Information about natural (constitutive and induced) fruit defense mechanisms in major tropical and subtropical fruit is also discussed. The chapter addresses current control strategies based mainly on the use of synthetic fungicides but also includes information on safer alternatives. © 2011 Woodhead Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
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