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Xing, Y., Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
Ingvardsen, C., Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
Salomon, R., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50 250, Israel
Lübberstedt, T., Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
The gene action of 2 sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) resistance loci in maize, Scmv1 and Scmv2, was evaluated for potyvirus resistance in an isogenic background. All 4 homozygous and 5 heterozygous isogenic genotypes were produced for introgressions of the resistant donor (FAP1360A) alleles at both loci into the susceptible parent (F7) genetic background using simple sequence repeat markers. For SCMV and maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV), virus symptoms appeared rapidly in the 3 homozygous genotypes, with susceptibility alleles fixed at 1 or both loci. Although the 9 isogenic genotypes revealed a high level of resistance to Zea mosaic virus (ZeMV), the same 3 homozygous genotypes were only partially resistant. This indicates that 1 resistance gene alone is not sufficient for complete resistance against SCMV, MDMV, and ZeMV. Scmv1 showed strong early and complete dominant gene action to SCMV, but it gradually became partially dominant. Scmv2 was not detected at the beginning, showing dominant gene action initially and additive gene action at later stages. Both genes interacted epistatically (for a high level of resistance, at least 1 resistance allele at each of both loci is required). This implies that double heterozygotes at the 2 loci are promising for producing SCMVresistant hybrids. Results are discussed with respect to prospects for isolation of SCMV and MDMV resistance genes. © 2006 NRC.
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Analysis of sugarcane mosaic virus resistance in maize in an isogenic dihybrid crossing scheme and implications for breeding potyvirus-resistant maize hybrids
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Xing, Y., Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
Ingvardsen, C., Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
Salomon, R., Volcani Center, P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50 250, Israel
Lübberstedt, T., Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Research Centre Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark
Analysis of sugarcane mosaic virus resistance in maize in an isogenic dihybrid crossing scheme and implications for breeding potyvirus-resistant maize hybrids
The gene action of 2 sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) resistance loci in maize, Scmv1 and Scmv2, was evaluated for potyvirus resistance in an isogenic background. All 4 homozygous and 5 heterozygous isogenic genotypes were produced for introgressions of the resistant donor (FAP1360A) alleles at both loci into the susceptible parent (F7) genetic background using simple sequence repeat markers. For SCMV and maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV), virus symptoms appeared rapidly in the 3 homozygous genotypes, with susceptibility alleles fixed at 1 or both loci. Although the 9 isogenic genotypes revealed a high level of resistance to Zea mosaic virus (ZeMV), the same 3 homozygous genotypes were only partially resistant. This indicates that 1 resistance gene alone is not sufficient for complete resistance against SCMV, MDMV, and ZeMV. Scmv1 showed strong early and complete dominant gene action to SCMV, but it gradually became partially dominant. Scmv2 was not detected at the beginning, showing dominant gene action initially and additive gene action at later stages. Both genes interacted epistatically (for a high level of resistance, at least 1 resistance allele at each of both loci is required). This implies that double heterozygotes at the 2 loci are promising for producing SCMVresistant hybrids. Results are discussed with respect to prospects for isolation of SCMV and MDMV resistance genes. © 2006 NRC.
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