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Odorants and malodors associated with land application of biosolids stabilized with lime and coal fly ash
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Journal of Environmental Quality
Authors :
Baybikov, Rima
;
.
Fine, Pinchas
;
.
Halachmi, Ilan
;
.
Laor, Yael
;
.
Naor, Moshe
;
.
Ravid, Uzi
;
.
Volume :
40
Co-Authors:
Laor, Y., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Naor, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Ravid, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Fine, P., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Halachmi, I., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Chen, Y., Dep. of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Baybikov, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1405
To page:
1415
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Malodor emissions limit public acceptance of using municipal biosolids as natural organic resources in agricultural production. We aimed to identify major odorants and to evaluate odor concentrations associated with land application of anaerobically digested sewage sludges (Class B) and their alkaline (lime and coal fly ash)-stabilized products (Class A). These two types of biosolids were applied at 12.6 tonnes ha-1 (dry weight) to microplots of very fine clayey Vertisol in the Jezreel Valley, northern Israel. The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from the biosolids before and during alkaline stabilization and after incorporation into the soil were analyzed by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Odor concentrations at the plots were evaluated on site with a Nasal Ranger field olfactometer that sniffed over a defined land surface area through a static chamber. The odors emitted by anaerobically digested sewage sludges from three activated sludge water treatment plants had one characteristic chemical fingerprint. Alkaline stabilization emitted substantial odors associated with high concentrations of ammonia and release of nitrogencontaining VOCs and did not effectively reduce the potential odor annoyance. Odorous VOCs could be generated within the soil after biosolids incorporation, presumably because of anaerobic conditions within soil-biosolids aggregates. We propose that dimethyl disulfide and dimethyl trisulfide, which seem to be most related to the odor concentrations of biosolidstreated soil, be used as potential chemical markers for the odor annoyance associated with incorporation of anaerobically digested sewage sludges. © 2011 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America.
Note:
Related Files :
Agriculture
Biological materials
Carbon
Israel
odors
sewage
sewage sludge
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.2134/jeq2010.0033
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
25971
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:19
Scientific Publication
Odorants and malodors associated with land application of biosolids stabilized with lime and coal fly ash
40
Laor, Y., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Naor, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Ravid, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Fine, P., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Halachmi, I., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Chen, Y., Dep. of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Baybikov, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Odorants and malodors associated with land application of biosolids stabilized with lime and coal fly ash
Malodor emissions limit public acceptance of using municipal biosolids as natural organic resources in agricultural production. We aimed to identify major odorants and to evaluate odor concentrations associated with land application of anaerobically digested sewage sludges (Class B) and their alkaline (lime and coal fly ash)-stabilized products (Class A). These two types of biosolids were applied at 12.6 tonnes ha-1 (dry weight) to microplots of very fine clayey Vertisol in the Jezreel Valley, northern Israel. The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from the biosolids before and during alkaline stabilization and after incorporation into the soil were analyzed by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Odor concentrations at the plots were evaluated on site with a Nasal Ranger field olfactometer that sniffed over a defined land surface area through a static chamber. The odors emitted by anaerobically digested sewage sludges from three activated sludge water treatment plants had one characteristic chemical fingerprint. Alkaline stabilization emitted substantial odors associated with high concentrations of ammonia and release of nitrogencontaining VOCs and did not effectively reduce the potential odor annoyance. Odorous VOCs could be generated within the soil after biosolids incorporation, presumably because of anaerobic conditions within soil-biosolids aggregates. We propose that dimethyl disulfide and dimethyl trisulfide, which seem to be most related to the odor concentrations of biosolidstreated soil, be used as potential chemical markers for the odor annoyance associated with incorporation of anaerobically digested sewage sludges. © 2011 by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America.
Scientific Publication
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