Advanced Search
Plant and Soil
Ben-Gal, A., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, 'Arava' Experimental Station, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 88820, Israel
Shani, U., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Lysimeters are used to study and monitor water, fertilizers, salts and other contaminants and are particularly valuable in transpiration and evapotranspiration research. Saturation at the soil bottom boundary in a lysimeter is inherent to its design. A drainage extension made of porous media with high hydraulic conductivity and substantial water holding capacity was devised to extend the lysimeter in order to produce soil moisture conditions mimicking those in the field. Design criteria that assure equal discharge in the soil and in the highly conductive drain (HCD) were established and formulated. Desired matric head at the lysimeter base is determined by HCD extension length. Its value can be manipulated and can range between saturation and the soil's field capacity. Conditions where the HCD is not limiting to flow are obtained through selection of the appropriate cross sectional area ratio between the soil in the lysimeter and the HCD. The validity of these criteria was confirmed with 200 l working lysimeters in the field, with and without plants, and with detailed flow tests utilizing smaller (15 l) lysimeters. Comparison of computed and measured matric head and leachate volume indicates that the proposed method can serve to maintain conditions similar to those in the field.
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
A highly conductive drainage extension to control the lower boundary condition of lysimeters
239
Ben-Gal, A., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, 'Arava' Experimental Station, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 88820, Israel
Shani, U., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
A highly conductive drainage extension to control the lower boundary condition of lysimeters
Lysimeters are used to study and monitor water, fertilizers, salts and other contaminants and are particularly valuable in transpiration and evapotranspiration research. Saturation at the soil bottom boundary in a lysimeter is inherent to its design. A drainage extension made of porous media with high hydraulic conductivity and substantial water holding capacity was devised to extend the lysimeter in order to produce soil moisture conditions mimicking those in the field. Design criteria that assure equal discharge in the soil and in the highly conductive drain (HCD) were established and formulated. Desired matric head at the lysimeter base is determined by HCD extension length. Its value can be manipulated and can range between saturation and the soil's field capacity. Conditions where the HCD is not limiting to flow are obtained through selection of the appropriate cross sectional area ratio between the soil in the lysimeter and the HCD. The validity of these criteria was confirmed with 200 l working lysimeters in the field, with and without plants, and with detailed flow tests utilizing smaller (15 l) lysimeters. Comparison of computed and measured matric head and leachate volume indicates that the proposed method can serve to maintain conditions similar to those in the field.
Scientific Publication