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Compost Science and Utilization
Hadas, A., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Portnoy, R., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Two different composts, a cattle manure compost (CMC) and a municipal waste compost (MWC), were applied at a rate of five percent or 15 percent to two soils, differing in their mineralization capacity, and incubated for 33 weeks at 30°C and optimal soil-water content. Periodically, CO2 evolution rates and inorganic N concentrations were measured in the soils. The rate of compost-N recovered as inorganic N was independent of the soil and compost application rate. The recovery after 33 weeks (w) was 22 percent of MWC-N and 23 to 27 percent of CMC-N, of which 13 percent was initially inorganic. The recovery of compost-C as CO2 depended on the compost application rate and to a lesser extent on the soil, reaching values of 13 to 15 percent and eight percent for the low and high application rates, respectively. The rates of decomposition of the composts were computed by the model NCSOIL by minimizing the deviations between simulated and measured data of CO2 and inorganic N. The soluble and insoluble organic C and N contents of the composts were used as input in the model, representing two components differing in their rates of decomposition. The decomposition rate constants of the insoluble components were 6.4×10-1 d-1 for CMC and 8.9×10-1 d-1 for MWC, assuming that the soluble component decomposed rapidly during the first week. The small difference between the composts indicated that a similar decomposition rate constant could fit the insoluble component of any compost. Better definitions of the insoluble material could improve the prediction of decomposition of composts. The wider C/N ratio of MWC explains the smaller rate of inorganic N release although its decomposition rate constant was larger.
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Rates of decomposition in soil and release of available nitrogen from cattle manure and municipal waste composts
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Hadas, A., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Portnoy, R., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Rates of decomposition in soil and release of available nitrogen from cattle manure and municipal waste composts
Two different composts, a cattle manure compost (CMC) and a municipal waste compost (MWC), were applied at a rate of five percent or 15 percent to two soils, differing in their mineralization capacity, and incubated for 33 weeks at 30°C and optimal soil-water content. Periodically, CO2 evolution rates and inorganic N concentrations were measured in the soils. The rate of compost-N recovered as inorganic N was independent of the soil and compost application rate. The recovery after 33 weeks (w) was 22 percent of MWC-N and 23 to 27 percent of CMC-N, of which 13 percent was initially inorganic. The recovery of compost-C as CO2 depended on the compost application rate and to a lesser extent on the soil, reaching values of 13 to 15 percent and eight percent for the low and high application rates, respectively. The rates of decomposition of the composts were computed by the model NCSOIL by minimizing the deviations between simulated and measured data of CO2 and inorganic N. The soluble and insoluble organic C and N contents of the composts were used as input in the model, representing two components differing in their rates of decomposition. The decomposition rate constants of the insoluble components were 6.4×10-1 d-1 for CMC and 8.9×10-1 d-1 for MWC, assuming that the soluble component decomposed rapidly during the first week. The small difference between the composts indicated that a similar decomposition rate constant could fit the insoluble component of any compost. Better definitions of the insoluble material could improve the prediction of decomposition of composts. The wider C/N ratio of MWC explains the smaller rate of inorganic N release although its decomposition rate constant was larger.
Scientific Publication
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