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Shamay, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shapiro, F., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Barash, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bruckental, I., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Silanikove, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dexamethasone was injected in dairy cows in order to get a better insight into the effects of corticosteroids on milk secretion and composition. A single intramuscular dose of 40 mg dexamethasone caused a 45% reduction in milk yield after 24 h; full recovery took 5 d. The secretion of fat, casein and magnesium was not affected by the treatment. Consequently, the concentration of fat, total protein, total casein, magnesium and phosphorus increased then decreased in direct proportion to the changes in milk yield. The secretion of total protein, calcium and phosphorus decreased as a result of the treatment. The concentration of lactose and the monovalent ions (sodium, potassium, and chlorine) was unaffected, and as a result their secretion decreased and returned to pretreatment level in direct inverse proportion to the changes in milk yield. Whey protein secretion decreased for 48 h and was responsible for the decrease in total protein secretion for 48 h. The most profound effect of dexamethasone is the reduction in the secretion of the osmotic components.
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Effect of dexamethasone on milk yield and composition in dairy cows
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Shamay, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shapiro, F., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Barash, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bruckental, I., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Silanikove, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Institute of Animal Science, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Effect of dexamethasone on milk yield and composition in dairy cows
Dexamethasone was injected in dairy cows in order to get a better insight into the effects of corticosteroids on milk secretion and composition. A single intramuscular dose of 40 mg dexamethasone caused a 45% reduction in milk yield after 24 h; full recovery took 5 d. The secretion of fat, casein and magnesium was not affected by the treatment. Consequently, the concentration of fat, total protein, total casein, magnesium and phosphorus increased then decreased in direct proportion to the changes in milk yield. The secretion of total protein, calcium and phosphorus decreased as a result of the treatment. The concentration of lactose and the monovalent ions (sodium, potassium, and chlorine) was unaffected, and as a result their secretion decreased and returned to pretreatment level in direct inverse proportion to the changes in milk yield. Whey protein secretion decreased for 48 h and was responsible for the decrease in total protein secretion for 48 h. The most profound effect of dexamethasone is the reduction in the secretion of the osmotic components.
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