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Development of Foreign Mammary Epithelial Morphology in the Stroma of Immunodeficient Mice
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
PLoS ONE
Authors :
Barash, Itamar
;
.
Rauner, Gat
;
.
Volume :
8
Co-Authors:
Rauner, G., Institute of Animal Science, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Leviav, A., Department of Plastic Surgery, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
Mavor, E., Department of Surgery, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
Barash, I., Institute of Animal Science, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Systemic growth and branching stimuli, and appropriate interactions with the host stroma are essential for the development of foreign epithelia in the mammary gland of immunodeficient mice. These factors were manipulated to promote and investigate the generation of representative bovine epithelial morphology in the transplanted mouse mammary stroma. The bovine mammary epithelium is unique in its commitment to rapid proliferation and high rate of differentiation. Its morphological organization within a fibrotic stroma resembles that of the human breast, and differs significantly from the rudimentary ductal network that penetrates a fatty stroma in mice. Transplantation of bovine mammary epithelial cells into the cleared mammary fat pad of NOD-SCID mice led to continuous growth of epithelial structures. Multilayered hollow spheres developed within fibrotic areas, but in contrast to mice, no epithelial organization was formed between adipocytes. The multilayered spheres shared characteristics with the heifer gland's epithelium, including lumen size, cell proliferation, cytokeratin orientation, estrogen/progesterone receptor expression and localization, and milk protein synthesis. However, they did not extend into the mouse fat pad via ductal morphology. Pre-transplantation of fibroblasts increased the number of spheres, but did not promote extension of bovine morphology. The bovine cells preserved their fate and rarely participated in chimeric mouse-bovine outgrowths. Nevertheless, a single case of terminal ductal lobuloalveolar unit (TDLU) development was recorded in mice treated with estrogen and progesterone, implying the feasibility of this representative bovine morphology's development. In vitro extension of these studies revealed paracrine inhibition of bovine epithelial mammosphere development by adipocytes, which was also generalized to breast epithelial mammosphere formation. The rescue of mammosphere development by fibroblast growth factor administration evidences an active equilibrium between inhibitory and supportive effects exerted by the adipose and fibrotic regions of the stroma, respectively, which determines the development of foreign epithelium. © 2013 Rauner et al.
Note:
Related Files :
animal cell
animal experiment
animal model
animal tissue
Cell Proliferation
Female
Mammary gland
protein localization
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More details
DOI :
10.1371/journal.pone.0068637
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26294
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:21
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Scientific Publication
Development of Foreign Mammary Epithelial Morphology in the Stroma of Immunodeficient Mice
8
Rauner, G., Institute of Animal Science, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Leviav, A., Department of Plastic Surgery, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
Mavor, E., Department of Surgery, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
Barash, I., Institute of Animal Science, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Development of Foreign Mammary Epithelial Morphology in the Stroma of Immunodeficient Mice
Systemic growth and branching stimuli, and appropriate interactions with the host stroma are essential for the development of foreign epithelia in the mammary gland of immunodeficient mice. These factors were manipulated to promote and investigate the generation of representative bovine epithelial morphology in the transplanted mouse mammary stroma. The bovine mammary epithelium is unique in its commitment to rapid proliferation and high rate of differentiation. Its morphological organization within a fibrotic stroma resembles that of the human breast, and differs significantly from the rudimentary ductal network that penetrates a fatty stroma in mice. Transplantation of bovine mammary epithelial cells into the cleared mammary fat pad of NOD-SCID mice led to continuous growth of epithelial structures. Multilayered hollow spheres developed within fibrotic areas, but in contrast to mice, no epithelial organization was formed between adipocytes. The multilayered spheres shared characteristics with the heifer gland's epithelium, including lumen size, cell proliferation, cytokeratin orientation, estrogen/progesterone receptor expression and localization, and milk protein synthesis. However, they did not extend into the mouse fat pad via ductal morphology. Pre-transplantation of fibroblasts increased the number of spheres, but did not promote extension of bovine morphology. The bovine cells preserved their fate and rarely participated in chimeric mouse-bovine outgrowths. Nevertheless, a single case of terminal ductal lobuloalveolar unit (TDLU) development was recorded in mice treated with estrogen and progesterone, implying the feasibility of this representative bovine morphology's development. In vitro extension of these studies revealed paracrine inhibition of bovine epithelial mammosphere development by adipocytes, which was also generalized to breast epithelial mammosphere formation. The rescue of mammosphere development by fibroblast growth factor administration evidences an active equilibrium between inhibitory and supportive effects exerted by the adipose and fibrotic regions of the stroma, respectively, which determines the development of foreign epithelium. © 2013 Rauner et al.
Scientific Publication
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