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Irrigation Science
Meiri, A., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Lauter, D.J., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Sharabani, N., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
In irrigated agriculture, the production of biomass and marketable yield depend largely on the quantity and salinity of the irrigation water. The sensitivity of field-grown muskmelon (Cucumis melo L. cv. "Galia") to water deficit was compared, using non-saline (ECi= 1.2 dS m-1) and saline (ECi=6.3 dS m-1) water. Drip irrigation was applied at 2-day intervals at seven different water application rates for each water quality, including a late water-stress treatment. Neutron scattering measurements showed that the soil layers below the root zone remained dry throughout the experiment, indicating negligible deep percolation. Thus, the sum of the seasonal amount of applied water and the change in soil moisture approximated the cumulative evapotranspiration (ET). Gradual buildup of water and salt stresses resulted in small treatment effects on the size of the vegetative cover and large effects on leaf deterioration and fruit production. Crop responses to salinity may result from an osmotic component of the soil water potential or from other salt effects on the crop physiology. Relating plant data to cumulative ET allowed a distinction to be made between the effect on water availability and specific salinity effects. The relation between fruit fresh weight and ET was not sensitive to ECi. The slopes for fruit dry weights were also insensitive to ECi but the intercept was larger for saline treatments. At any given ET saline water increased fruit number, increased fruit dry matter content and decreased fruit netting, in comparison with non-saline water. The combination of salinity and soil-water deficit was detrimental to fruit quality. Saline soil-water deficit decreased the percentage of marketable (netted) fruit and caused an early end to the period of marketable fruit production. Non-saline soil-water deficit increased the percentage of marketable fruit and had no effect on the duration of the production period. Late non-saline water stress caused a pronounced increase in the percentage of marketable fruit. © 1995 Springer-Verlag.
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Shoot growth and fruit development of muskmelon under saline and non-saline soil water deficit
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Meiri, A., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Lauter, D.J., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Sharabani, N., Institute of Soils and Water, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Shoot growth and fruit development of muskmelon under saline and non-saline soil water deficit
In irrigated agriculture, the production of biomass and marketable yield depend largely on the quantity and salinity of the irrigation water. The sensitivity of field-grown muskmelon (Cucumis melo L. cv. "Galia") to water deficit was compared, using non-saline (ECi= 1.2 dS m-1) and saline (ECi=6.3 dS m-1) water. Drip irrigation was applied at 2-day intervals at seven different water application rates for each water quality, including a late water-stress treatment. Neutron scattering measurements showed that the soil layers below the root zone remained dry throughout the experiment, indicating negligible deep percolation. Thus, the sum of the seasonal amount of applied water and the change in soil moisture approximated the cumulative evapotranspiration (ET). Gradual buildup of water and salt stresses resulted in small treatment effects on the size of the vegetative cover and large effects on leaf deterioration and fruit production. Crop responses to salinity may result from an osmotic component of the soil water potential or from other salt effects on the crop physiology. Relating plant data to cumulative ET allowed a distinction to be made between the effect on water availability and specific salinity effects. The relation between fruit fresh weight and ET was not sensitive to ECi. The slopes for fruit dry weights were also insensitive to ECi but the intercept was larger for saline treatments. At any given ET saline water increased fruit number, increased fruit dry matter content and decreased fruit netting, in comparison with non-saline water. The combination of salinity and soil-water deficit was detrimental to fruit quality. Saline soil-water deficit decreased the percentage of marketable (netted) fruit and caused an early end to the period of marketable fruit production. Non-saline soil-water deficit increased the percentage of marketable fruit and had no effect on the duration of the production period. Late non-saline water stress caused a pronounced increase in the percentage of marketable fruit. © 1995 Springer-Verlag.
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