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Phytoparasitica
Rotem, J., Dept. of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Morning and evening counts of spores of Alternaria macrospora in a cotton (Gossypium barbadense) field were assessed for the number of spores (a) produced on the last night, (b) dispersed during the day, and (c) retained in the spore reserve on leaves. Throughout the season, 1 m2 of the field produced (P) and dispersed (D) approximately 163 x 106 and 137 x 106 spores, respectively. The 16% discrepancy between P and D values reflects experimental errors. Most spores were produced on shed leaves on the ground, fewer on leaves in the lower part of the canopy, and least on leaves in the upper canopy. The contribution to total D decreased from leaves in the lower part of the canopy, to shed leaves, and to leaves in the upper canopy. In tests with potted plants with spore-bearing lesions attached to various heights of the canopy under various conditions of weather, dispersal of spores at these heights was conditioned mainly by wind velocity, which decreased from the upper to the lower part of the canopy. In leaves close to the ground, approximately 29% of the released spores were removed by sedimentation to the ground. On any one day, the daily rate of D differed from the daily rate of P. On days in which D was higher than P, the difference was due to a reserve of spores remaining on lesions after dispersal during the previous days. In weather adverse for production of new spores, the reserve was depleted within 4 and 6 days in the top and bottom leaves, respectively, but remained relatively high in the shed leaves on the ground; a similar number of days was needed to restore the depleted reserve in sporulation-favorable weather. © 1991 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
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Assessment of production and dispersal of inoculum of Alternaria Macrospora in various parts of the cotton canopy
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Rotem, J., Dept. of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Assessment of production and dispersal of inoculum of Alternaria Macrospora in various parts of the cotton canopy
Morning and evening counts of spores of Alternaria macrospora in a cotton (Gossypium barbadense) field were assessed for the number of spores (a) produced on the last night, (b) dispersed during the day, and (c) retained in the spore reserve on leaves. Throughout the season, 1 m2 of the field produced (P) and dispersed (D) approximately 163 x 106 and 137 x 106 spores, respectively. The 16% discrepancy between P and D values reflects experimental errors. Most spores were produced on shed leaves on the ground, fewer on leaves in the lower part of the canopy, and least on leaves in the upper canopy. The contribution to total D decreased from leaves in the lower part of the canopy, to shed leaves, and to leaves in the upper canopy. In tests with potted plants with spore-bearing lesions attached to various heights of the canopy under various conditions of weather, dispersal of spores at these heights was conditioned mainly by wind velocity, which decreased from the upper to the lower part of the canopy. In leaves close to the ground, approximately 29% of the released spores were removed by sedimentation to the ground. On any one day, the daily rate of D differed from the daily rate of P. On days in which D was higher than P, the difference was due to a reserve of spores remaining on lesions after dispersal during the previous days. In weather adverse for production of new spores, the reserve was depleted within 4 and 6 days in the top and bottom leaves, respectively, but remained relatively high in the shed leaves on the ground; a similar number of days was needed to restore the depleted reserve in sporulation-favorable weather. © 1991 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
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