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A simple equation for predicting preferential flow solute concentrations
Year:
1994
Source of publication :
Journal of Environmental Quality
Authors :
Shalit, Gil
;
.
Volume :
23
Co-Authors:
Steenhuis, T.S., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Boll, J., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Shalit, G., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Selker, J.S., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Merwin, I.A., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
1058
To page:
1064
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
The transport of pesticides and other chemicals through macropores has been widely observed and predicting it is a challenge. This article considers a simplified two-layer model, similar to overland flow models in which the processes of adsorption and desorption are separated. For the layer near the surface, or the mixing layer, the solute concentration in the layer is equal to that in the percolating water (including preferentially moving water). In the lower profile, the flow is partitioned between matrix and preferential flow. The solute concentration of the matrix flow is characterized by the soil condition near the outlet point, whereas the preferential flow is represented by the solute concentration in the mixing layer. The closed form equation, exhibiting exponentially decreasing macropore flow solute concentrations, is tested against solute breakthrough curves using three independent sets of experimental data. The predicted depths of mixing between 5 and 25 cm are physically realistic and the closed form is shown to reproduce the form of experimental data, particularly under conditions of significant macropore flow. Although highly simplified, the physically based model yields a framework for predicting solute concentration for preferentially moving water.
Note:
Related Files :
Adsorption
Closed form equation
Forecasting
Preferential flow
runoff
Soils
Surfaces
water analysis
water flow
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
26639
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:24
Scientific Publication
A simple equation for predicting preferential flow solute concentrations
23
Steenhuis, T.S., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Boll, J., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Shalit, G., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Selker, J.S., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Merwin, I.A., Dep. of Agric. and Biological Eng., 216 Riley-Robb Hall, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
A simple equation for predicting preferential flow solute concentrations
The transport of pesticides and other chemicals through macropores has been widely observed and predicting it is a challenge. This article considers a simplified two-layer model, similar to overland flow models in which the processes of adsorption and desorption are separated. For the layer near the surface, or the mixing layer, the solute concentration in the layer is equal to that in the percolating water (including preferentially moving water). In the lower profile, the flow is partitioned between matrix and preferential flow. The solute concentration of the matrix flow is characterized by the soil condition near the outlet point, whereas the preferential flow is represented by the solute concentration in the mixing layer. The closed form equation, exhibiting exponentially decreasing macropore flow solute concentrations, is tested against solute breakthrough curves using three independent sets of experimental data. The predicted depths of mixing between 5 and 25 cm are physically realistic and the closed form is shown to reproduce the form of experimental data, particularly under conditions of significant macropore flow. Although highly simplified, the physically based model yields a framework for predicting solute concentration for preferentially moving water.
Scientific Publication
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