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Lati, R.N., Mapping and Geo-Information Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
Filin, S., Mapping and Geo-Information Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
Eizenberg, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum L.) is a troublesome weed worldwide, affecting a large number of crops. As weed development is affected by a variety of factors, advanced knowledge on the plant's biological and ecological qualities can support favorable management strategies. Seed density is an ecological factor affecting emergence and early growth of many weed species. For that reason, the current study characterizes and quantifies the seed density impact on black nightshade seedling-emergence and early growth, and the interaction between seed density and burial depth on these growth parameters. Greenhouse studies conducted in 2005, 2006 and 2010 examined black nightshade seed densities of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 seeds per pot, buried at, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 cm. Impact of seed density on weed emergence and growth was characterized by number of emerged plants and leaves, followed by biomass measurements. Seed density had no impact on emergence at the tested burial depths. There was a strong logistic relationship (P < 0.001, and R 2 > 0.97) between time and emergence, and a strong linear relationship (P < 0.002 and R 2 > 0.86) between time and number of leaves produced in all depths and seed densities. A negative relationship was observed between seed density and plant development and growth rate. Results of this study extend the knowledge on black nightshade biology and support decision-making concerning rational weed management. © 2011 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
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Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) emergence and development is affected by seed density and burial depth
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Lati, R.N., Mapping and Geo-Information Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
Filin, S., Mapping and Geo-Information Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel
Eizenberg, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) emergence and development is affected by seed density and burial depth
Black nightshade (Solanum nigrum L.) is a troublesome weed worldwide, affecting a large number of crops. As weed development is affected by a variety of factors, advanced knowledge on the plant's biological and ecological qualities can support favorable management strategies. Seed density is an ecological factor affecting emergence and early growth of many weed species. For that reason, the current study characterizes and quantifies the seed density impact on black nightshade seedling-emergence and early growth, and the interaction between seed density and burial depth on these growth parameters. Greenhouse studies conducted in 2005, 2006 and 2010 examined black nightshade seed densities of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 seeds per pot, buried at, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 cm. Impact of seed density on weed emergence and growth was characterized by number of emerged plants and leaves, followed by biomass measurements. Seed density had no impact on emergence at the tested burial depths. There was a strong logistic relationship (P < 0.001, and R 2 > 0.97) between time and emergence, and a strong linear relationship (P < 0.002 and R 2 > 0.86) between time and number of leaves produced in all depths and seed densities. A negative relationship was observed between seed density and plant development and growth rate. Results of this study extend the knowledge on black nightshade biology and support decision-making concerning rational weed management. © 2011 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
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