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Aeration of clayey soils by injecting air through subsurface drippers: Lysimetric and field experiments
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Agricultural Water Management
Authors :
Ben Noah, Ilan
;
.
Friedman, Samuel
;
.
Volume :
176
Co-Authors:
Ben-Noah, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Friedman, S.P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
222
To page:
233
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
We examined the effects of air injection into clayey-soil, with and without a perforated sphere around the dripper, on oxygen concentrations and pepper yields in a barrel experiment, and on soil oxygen concentrations and stem growth of young mango trees in a field experiment. The perforated sphere was intended to reduce soil resistance to air flow and to enhance the efficiency of air spreading in the soil. The main findings were that injecting atmospheric air did not contribute much to aeration of soils with high existing oxygen concentrations, i.e., about 80% of the atmospheric 21%, in the barrel experiments, and did not contribute at all in the field experiment, where oxygen concentration was about 95% of atmospheric. Furthermore, it was found that an oxygen concentration of about 80% did not decrease pepper yield in the absence of other stresses such as salinity or nutrients deficiency. A perforated sphere increased soil oxygen concentration when both water and air were applied through the sphere. A positive effect of air injection on pepper yields was found in soils with high volumetric water contents, i.e., average above 0.4 throughout the growth period. Conversely, air injection decreased pepper yields in barrels where water contents were lower. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
aeration
Atmospheric air
atmospheric moisture
lysimeter
Oxygen concentrations
Soils
soil surveys
Water injection
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.agwat.2016.06.015
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27116
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:28
Scientific Publication
Aeration of clayey soils by injecting air through subsurface drippers: Lysimetric and field experiments
176
Ben-Noah, I., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel, Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Friedman, S.P., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, HaMaccabim Road 68, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Aeration of clayey soils by injecting air through subsurface drippers: Lysimetric and field experiments
We examined the effects of air injection into clayey-soil, with and without a perforated sphere around the dripper, on oxygen concentrations and pepper yields in a barrel experiment, and on soil oxygen concentrations and stem growth of young mango trees in a field experiment. The perforated sphere was intended to reduce soil resistance to air flow and to enhance the efficiency of air spreading in the soil. The main findings were that injecting atmospheric air did not contribute much to aeration of soils with high existing oxygen concentrations, i.e., about 80% of the atmospheric 21%, in the barrel experiments, and did not contribute at all in the field experiment, where oxygen concentration was about 95% of atmospheric. Furthermore, it was found that an oxygen concentration of about 80% did not decrease pepper yield in the absence of other stresses such as salinity or nutrients deficiency. A perforated sphere increased soil oxygen concentration when both water and air were applied through the sphere. A positive effect of air injection on pepper yields was found in soils with high volumetric water contents, i.e., average above 0.4 throughout the growth period. Conversely, air injection decreased pepper yields in barrels where water contents were lower. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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