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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
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Inhibition of Escherichia coli in cultivated cattle manure
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Journal of Animal Science
Authors :
Bernstein, Solange
;
.
Hen, Yaira
;
.
Pinto, Rivka
;
.
Sela, Shlomo
;
.
Weinberg, Zvi G.
;
.
Volume :
92
Co-Authors:
Weinberg, Z.G., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Szakacs, G., Department of Applied Biotechnologyand Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Gellert ter 4, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Chen, Y., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Pinto, R., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bernstein, S., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Konya, B., Department of Applied Biotechnologyand Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Gellert ter 4, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Sela Saldinger, S., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
2336
To page:
2341
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
A common practice on Israeli dairy barns comprises daily cultivation of the manure. Cultivation is a mechanical process used to break up and till the manure bedding and it results in a drier and aerated bedding and cleaner cows, which consequently reduces the incidence of mastitis. Cultivation was associated with a shorter survival of Escherichia coli in cultivated manure as compared with noncultivated manure. The objective of the current study was to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the shorter survival duration of E. coli in the cultivated manure. We hypothesized that microorganisms that are antagonistic to E. coli, developing in the cultivated manure, are responsible for this phenomenon. A cow manure derived E. coli strain expressing the green fluorescence protein and antibiotic resistance markers was used to inoculate cow manure in 1.5-L jars. Manure treatments included cultivated and noncultivated manure. Half the jars of each cultivation treatment were autoclave sterilized at 121°C for 1 h on 3 successive days to eliminate from the manure antagonistic microorganisms. Each cultivation-sterilization treatment was performed in triplicate jars. Following sterilization, E. coli numbers in the cultivated and noncultivated manure were comparable, while in the nonsterilized manure the numbers were lower in the cultivated compared with the noncultivated manure. Several fungi isolated from the cultivated manure samples displayed inhibition effect on the tagged E. coli. Antagonistic fungi were also isolated from large-scale cultivated manure samples collected on several dairy farms in Israel. These findings support the notion that manure cultivation might facilitate the development of microorganisms that are antagonistic to E. coli, thus contributing to the general hygiene of the cattle. Identifying the mechanisms by which the antagonistic fungi affect the survival of E. coli in manure could be exploited for improvement of the animal health and for limiting the transmission of zoonotic pathogens to food and water. © 2014 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
animal housing
animal husbandry
Animals
cattle
cattle manure
Female
fungi
Israel
Methods
Microbiology
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.2527/jas2013-7285
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27414
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:30
Scientific Publication
Inhibition of Escherichia coli in cultivated cattle manure
92
Weinberg, Z.G., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Szakacs, G., Department of Applied Biotechnologyand Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Gellert ter 4, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Chen, Y., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Pinto, R., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Bernstein, S., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Konya, B., Department of Applied Biotechnologyand Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Gellert ter 4, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Sela Saldinger, S., Department of Food Quality and Safety, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Inhibition of Escherichia coli in cultivated cattle manure
A common practice on Israeli dairy barns comprises daily cultivation of the manure. Cultivation is a mechanical process used to break up and till the manure bedding and it results in a drier and aerated bedding and cleaner cows, which consequently reduces the incidence of mastitis. Cultivation was associated with a shorter survival of Escherichia coli in cultivated manure as compared with noncultivated manure. The objective of the current study was to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the shorter survival duration of E. coli in the cultivated manure. We hypothesized that microorganisms that are antagonistic to E. coli, developing in the cultivated manure, are responsible for this phenomenon. A cow manure derived E. coli strain expressing the green fluorescence protein and antibiotic resistance markers was used to inoculate cow manure in 1.5-L jars. Manure treatments included cultivated and noncultivated manure. Half the jars of each cultivation treatment were autoclave sterilized at 121°C for 1 h on 3 successive days to eliminate from the manure antagonistic microorganisms. Each cultivation-sterilization treatment was performed in triplicate jars. Following sterilization, E. coli numbers in the cultivated and noncultivated manure were comparable, while in the nonsterilized manure the numbers were lower in the cultivated compared with the noncultivated manure. Several fungi isolated from the cultivated manure samples displayed inhibition effect on the tagged E. coli. Antagonistic fungi were also isolated from large-scale cultivated manure samples collected on several dairy farms in Israel. These findings support the notion that manure cultivation might facilitate the development of microorganisms that are antagonistic to E. coli, thus contributing to the general hygiene of the cattle. Identifying the mechanisms by which the antagonistic fungi affect the survival of E. coli in manure could be exploited for improvement of the animal health and for limiting the transmission of zoonotic pathogens to food and water. © 2014 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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