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Hot water rinsing and brushing technology for the fresh-cut industry
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Alkalai-Tuvia, Sharon
;
.
Fallik, Elazar
;
.
Horev, Batia
;
.
Rodov, Victor
;
.
Sela, Shlomo
;
.
Vinokur, Yakov
;
.
Volume :
746
Co-Authors:
Fallik, E., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rodov, V., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Horev, B., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sela, S., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Alkalai-Tuvia, S., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Vinokur, Y., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
229
To page:
235
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Hot water rinsing and brushing (HWRB) has been widely used in Israel to clean and disinfect fresh harvested produce since 1996. Naturally infected 'Galia'- type melons, or fruit that were artificially inoculated with non-human E. coli were used to evaluate the potential of HWRB technology to clean and disinfect fruit destined for the fresh-cut industry. The fruit were washed and brushed at 20, 58 (commercial treatment) or 75°C for about 20 s, or were soaked in 150 jiL/L chlorine for 5 min with subsequent manual brushing. The fruit were then left intact or were peeled and cut into pieces and stored at 8°C or at 17°C for four days or at 5°C for 13 days. External and internal quality parameters and counts of E. coli and total aerobic microorganisms on the fresh-cut pieces were evaluated at the end of each storage period. After four days at 8°C, the counts of E. coli on fresh-cut pieces prepared from untreated melons were 4 × 103 CFU/mm cut, while no E. coli were found on flesh pieces from melons that had been washed and brushed at 75°C for 20 s. The counts of E. coli found on fresh-cut fruit treated by HWRB at 20°C or 58°C were 6 CFU/mm cut or less than 3 CFU/mm cut, respectively. No E. coli were found on the product prepared from the fruit soaked for 5 min. in 150 μL/L chlorine + hand brushing. After four days at 17°C, the total counts of E. coli found on the melon flesh were 3 × 107, 4 × 106, 5 × 105 and 2 × 106 for untreated fruit, 58°C-HWRB-treated fruit, 75°C-HWRB-treated fruit and 150 μL/L chlorine-treated fruit, respectively. Treating melons with HWRB at 75°C for 20 s significantly reduced total microbial counts by 4 logs, compared to a 2.5 log reduction in 58°C-HWRB- treated fruit and 1.5 log reduction in 150 μL/L chlorine-treated fruit, 4 days after treatment. Although, 75°C for 20 s severely damaged the fruit peel if the fruit was left in storage, none of the HWRB treatments affected the taste, aroma, color or firmness of the flesh used for fresh cuts. HWRB is an environmentally friendly technology that is very useful in cleaning and disinfecting melon fruits destined for fresh-cut without affecting quality after processing, if the product is stored at reasonably low temperature after processing. However, the disinfection treatment cannot substitute the need for observing cool chain conditions during distribution and marketing of fresh-cut products.
Note:
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Cucumis melo var. reticulatus
Decontamination
E. coli
Escherichia coli
Quality
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Conference paper
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27524
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:31
Scientific Publication
Hot water rinsing and brushing technology for the fresh-cut industry
746
Fallik, E., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Rodov, V., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Horev, B., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sela, S., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Alkalai-Tuvia, S., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Vinokur, Y., ARO-The Volcani Center, Institute of Food Technology and Storage of Agricultural Products, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hot water rinsing and brushing technology for the fresh-cut industry
Hot water rinsing and brushing (HWRB) has been widely used in Israel to clean and disinfect fresh harvested produce since 1996. Naturally infected 'Galia'- type melons, or fruit that were artificially inoculated with non-human E. coli were used to evaluate the potential of HWRB technology to clean and disinfect fruit destined for the fresh-cut industry. The fruit were washed and brushed at 20, 58 (commercial treatment) or 75°C for about 20 s, or were soaked in 150 jiL/L chlorine for 5 min with subsequent manual brushing. The fruit were then left intact or were peeled and cut into pieces and stored at 8°C or at 17°C for four days or at 5°C for 13 days. External and internal quality parameters and counts of E. coli and total aerobic microorganisms on the fresh-cut pieces were evaluated at the end of each storage period. After four days at 8°C, the counts of E. coli on fresh-cut pieces prepared from untreated melons were 4 × 103 CFU/mm cut, while no E. coli were found on flesh pieces from melons that had been washed and brushed at 75°C for 20 s. The counts of E. coli found on fresh-cut fruit treated by HWRB at 20°C or 58°C were 6 CFU/mm cut or less than 3 CFU/mm cut, respectively. No E. coli were found on the product prepared from the fruit soaked for 5 min. in 150 μL/L chlorine + hand brushing. After four days at 17°C, the total counts of E. coli found on the melon flesh were 3 × 107, 4 × 106, 5 × 105 and 2 × 106 for untreated fruit, 58°C-HWRB-treated fruit, 75°C-HWRB-treated fruit and 150 μL/L chlorine-treated fruit, respectively. Treating melons with HWRB at 75°C for 20 s significantly reduced total microbial counts by 4 logs, compared to a 2.5 log reduction in 58°C-HWRB- treated fruit and 1.5 log reduction in 150 μL/L chlorine-treated fruit, 4 days after treatment. Although, 75°C for 20 s severely damaged the fruit peel if the fruit was left in storage, none of the HWRB treatments affected the taste, aroma, color or firmness of the flesh used for fresh cuts. HWRB is an environmentally friendly technology that is very useful in cleaning and disinfecting melon fruits destined for fresh-cut without affecting quality after processing, if the product is stored at reasonably low temperature after processing. However, the disinfection treatment cannot substitute the need for observing cool chain conditions during distribution and marketing of fresh-cut products.
Scientific Publication
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