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Brood size in a polyembryonic parasitoid wasp is affected by relatedness among competing larvae
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Behavioral Ecology
Authors :
Harari, Ally
;
.
Volume :
20
Co-Authors:
Segoli, M., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Harari, A.R., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel, Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bouskila, A., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Keasar, T., Faculty of Science and Science Education, Department of Science Education - Biology, University of Haifa, Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
761
To page:
767
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Brood size has important implications for the fitness of both parents and offspring. In polyembryonic parasitoid wasps, each egg develops into many genetically identical embryos through clonal division inside the host. Thus, offspring may have the potential to affect brood size by adjusting the degree of embryonic division. In some species, a proportion of embryos develop into soldier larvae, which attack competitors inside the host. This may be another mechanism for offspring to affect final brood size. We investigated the effect of relatedness between competing clones on brood size in the polyembryonic wasp Copidosoma koehleri. We predicted that final brood size would be affected by the number and relatedness between competing clones inside the host. Additionally, we predicted that due to a competitive asymmetry between male and female clones (apparently only female clones produce a soldier larva), this effect would depend on the sex composition of wasps inside the host. We allowed 2 wasp eggs (laid either by 1 female or by different females) to develop in a host and counted the emerging adults. Relatedness between male clones did not affect brood size. However, female-containing broods of related clones were larger than broods of nonrelated clones, suggesting higher aggression of the soldier toward less related individuals. Dissections of hosts parasitized by 2 clones indicate that normally only 1 soldier survives and that it often eliminates unrelated clones. Thus, offspring control over brood size in response to relatedness is probably mediated by soldier aggression and not by clonal division.
Note:
Related Files :
Aggression
Brood size
Copidosoma koehleri
egg development
fitness
insects
Parasitoid
Polyembryony
relatedness
Soldier caste
wasp
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1093/beheco/arp057
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27539
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:31
Scientific Publication
Brood size in a polyembryonic parasitoid wasp is affected by relatedness among competing larvae
20
Segoli, M., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Harari, A.R., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel, Department of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bouskila, A., Department of Life Sciences, Ben Gurion University, PO Box 653, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Keasar, T., Faculty of Science and Science Education, Department of Science Education - Biology, University of Haifa, Oranim, Tivon 36006, Israel
Brood size in a polyembryonic parasitoid wasp is affected by relatedness among competing larvae
Brood size has important implications for the fitness of both parents and offspring. In polyembryonic parasitoid wasps, each egg develops into many genetically identical embryos through clonal division inside the host. Thus, offspring may have the potential to affect brood size by adjusting the degree of embryonic division. In some species, a proportion of embryos develop into soldier larvae, which attack competitors inside the host. This may be another mechanism for offspring to affect final brood size. We investigated the effect of relatedness between competing clones on brood size in the polyembryonic wasp Copidosoma koehleri. We predicted that final brood size would be affected by the number and relatedness between competing clones inside the host. Additionally, we predicted that due to a competitive asymmetry between male and female clones (apparently only female clones produce a soldier larva), this effect would depend on the sex composition of wasps inside the host. We allowed 2 wasp eggs (laid either by 1 female or by different females) to develop in a host and counted the emerging adults. Relatedness between male clones did not affect brood size. However, female-containing broods of related clones were larger than broods of nonrelated clones, suggesting higher aggression of the soldier toward less related individuals. Dissections of hosts parasitized by 2 clones indicate that normally only 1 soldier survives and that it often eliminates unrelated clones. Thus, offspring control over brood size in response to relatedness is probably mediated by soldier aggression and not by clonal division.
Scientific Publication
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