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Phenotypic landscapes: Phenological patterns in wild and cultivated barley
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Authors :
Fridman, Eyal
;
.
Volume :
26
Co-Authors:
Hübner, S., Department of Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Bdolach, E., The Robert H. Faculty of Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Ein-Gedy, S., The Robert H. Faculty of Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Schmid, K.J., Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Korol, A., Department of Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Fridman, E., The Robert H. Faculty of Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
163
To page:
174
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Phenotypic variation in natural populations is the outcome of the joint effects of environmentally induced adaptations and neutral processes on the genetic architecture of quantitative traits. In this study, we examined the role of adaptation in shaping wild barley phenotypic variation along different environmental gradients. Detailed phenotyping of 164 wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) accessions from Israel (of the Barley1K collection) and 18 cultivated barley (H. vulgare) varieties was conducted in common garden field trials. Cluster analysis based on phenotypic data indicated that wild barley in this region can be differentiated into three ecotypes in accordance with their ecogeographical distribution: north, coast and desert. Population differentiation (QST) for each trait was estimated using a hierarchical Bayesian model and compared to neutral differentiation (FST) based on 42 microsatellite markers. This analysis indicated that the three clusters diverged in morphological but not in reproductive characteristics. To address the issue of phenotypic variation along environmental gradients, climatic and soil gradients were compared with each of the measured traits given the geographical distance between sampling sites using a partial Mantel test. Flowering time and plant growth were found to be differentially correlated with climatic and soil characteristic gradients, respectively. The H. vulgare varieties were superior to the H. spontaneum accessions in yield components, yet resembled the Mediterranean types in vegetative characteristics and flowering time, which may indicate the geographical origin of domesticated barley. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2012 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.
Note:
Related Files :
flowering
Genetics
Genetic structure
Growth, Development and Aging
Hordeum
Israel
phenotype
soil
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/jeb.12043
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27646
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:32
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Scientific Publication
Phenotypic landscapes: Phenological patterns in wild and cultivated barley
26
Hübner, S., Department of Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Bdolach, E., The Robert H. Faculty of Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel, Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Ein-Gedy, S., The Robert H. Faculty of Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Schmid, K.J., Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
Korol, A., Department of Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Fridman, E., The Robert H. Faculty of Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Science and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Phenotypic landscapes: Phenological patterns in wild and cultivated barley
Phenotypic variation in natural populations is the outcome of the joint effects of environmentally induced adaptations and neutral processes on the genetic architecture of quantitative traits. In this study, we examined the role of adaptation in shaping wild barley phenotypic variation along different environmental gradients. Detailed phenotyping of 164 wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) accessions from Israel (of the Barley1K collection) and 18 cultivated barley (H. vulgare) varieties was conducted in common garden field trials. Cluster analysis based on phenotypic data indicated that wild barley in this region can be differentiated into three ecotypes in accordance with their ecogeographical distribution: north, coast and desert. Population differentiation (QST) for each trait was estimated using a hierarchical Bayesian model and compared to neutral differentiation (FST) based on 42 microsatellite markers. This analysis indicated that the three clusters diverged in morphological but not in reproductive characteristics. To address the issue of phenotypic variation along environmental gradients, climatic and soil gradients were compared with each of the measured traits given the geographical distance between sampling sites using a partial Mantel test. Flowering time and plant growth were found to be differentially correlated with climatic and soil characteristic gradients, respectively. The H. vulgare varieties were superior to the H. spontaneum accessions in yield components, yet resembled the Mediterranean types in vegetative characteristics and flowering time, which may indicate the geographical origin of domesticated barley. © 2012 The Authors. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2012 European Society For Evolutionary Biology.
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