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Response of Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' to irrigation and fertilisation levels
Year:
2006
Authors :
Assouline, Shmuel
;
.
Silber, Avner
;
.
Volume :
81
Co-Authors:
Silber, A., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, M., Northern R and D, Israel, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
Cohen, M., Northern R and D, Israel, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
David, N., Northern R and D, Israel, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
Shtaynmetz, Y., Shaham, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 28, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Assouline, S., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
355
To page:
364
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' is the most important cultivar in the Protea industry worldwide. The commercial product consists of long branches that terminate in a female inflorescence ("head") surrounded by large, deep-wine-red leaves. The objectives of the present study were to assess the response of 'Safari Sunset" plants to different levels of deficit irrigation and to various fertilisation strategies [e.g., constant concentration (fertilisation doses decreased or increased as irrigation rates decreased or increased, respectively), and constant quantity (nutrient concentration decreased or increased as irrigation rates increased or decreased, respectively)]. The impact of irrigation treatment on soil water content was apparent, and deficit irrigation significantly increased soil water tension, especially in soil layers below 20 cm, and diminished the volume of soil that was suitable for root development. The horizontal extent of the root volume followed the wetted zone and was almost congruent with the spatial distribution of water content. The majority of the root system was located in the 0 - 60 cm layer, but the layer 25 - 45 cm below the plant had the lowest water content indicating that the main zone in terms of active water uptake was situated within these limits. Irrigation rate had a dominant influence on biomass production, and a significant linear regression was obtained between plant fresh weight (FW) and soil water content. Linear regression analysis indicated that 95% of FW variation could be attributed to differences in soil water content. Deficit irrigation management diminished head dimensions and, consequently, reduced the commercial quality of 'Safari Sunset' plants. However, non-water-stress treatments induced excessive vegetative growth, mainly in the form of too-long branches, and an important part of the biomass produced was redundant. In the case of water scarcity and the application of deficit irrigation treatments, constant nutrient concentration should be applied.
Note:
Related Files :
Leucadendron
Protea
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DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27679
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:33
Scientific Publication
Response of Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' to irrigation and fertilisation levels
81
Silber, A., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, M., Northern R and D, Israel, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
Cohen, M., Northern R and D, Israel, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
David, N., Northern R and D, Israel, P.O. Box 90000, Rosh Pina 12100, Israel
Shtaynmetz, Y., Shaham, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, P.O. Box 28, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Assouline, S., Institute of Soils, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organisation, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Response of Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' to irrigation and fertilisation levels
Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' is the most important cultivar in the Protea industry worldwide. The commercial product consists of long branches that terminate in a female inflorescence ("head") surrounded by large, deep-wine-red leaves. The objectives of the present study were to assess the response of 'Safari Sunset" plants to different levels of deficit irrigation and to various fertilisation strategies [e.g., constant concentration (fertilisation doses decreased or increased as irrigation rates decreased or increased, respectively), and constant quantity (nutrient concentration decreased or increased as irrigation rates increased or decreased, respectively)]. The impact of irrigation treatment on soil water content was apparent, and deficit irrigation significantly increased soil water tension, especially in soil layers below 20 cm, and diminished the volume of soil that was suitable for root development. The horizontal extent of the root volume followed the wetted zone and was almost congruent with the spatial distribution of water content. The majority of the root system was located in the 0 - 60 cm layer, but the layer 25 - 45 cm below the plant had the lowest water content indicating that the main zone in terms of active water uptake was situated within these limits. Irrigation rate had a dominant influence on biomass production, and a significant linear regression was obtained between plant fresh weight (FW) and soil water content. Linear regression analysis indicated that 95% of FW variation could be attributed to differences in soil water content. Deficit irrigation management diminished head dimensions and, consequently, reduced the commercial quality of 'Safari Sunset' plants. However, non-water-stress treatments induced excessive vegetative growth, mainly in the form of too-long branches, and an important part of the biomass produced was redundant. In the case of water scarcity and the application of deficit irrigation treatments, constant nutrient concentration should be applied.
Scientific Publication
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