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Postharvest Biology and Technology
De Cal, A., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Sandín-España, P., DTEVFP - Phytosanitary Products Unit, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Martinez, F., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Egüen, B., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Chien-Ming, C., Department of Plant Pathology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taiwan
Lee, M.H., Department of Plant Pathology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taiwan
Melgarejo, P., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Prusky, D., Centro Hispanluso de Investigaciones Agrarias (CIALE), Universidad de Salamanca, Spain, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Fruit, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Colonization of nectarines and peaches fruit by Monilinia fructicola was accompanied by local acidification of the host tissue. The fungus acidified the host tissue in peaches and nectarines from pH 4.5 and 4.45, to pH 3.75 and 3.9, respectively. Analysis of the acidification process in colonized fruit and secondary inducing media showed that gluconic acid was the main organic acid accumulated at the infection site and under liquid-culture conditions. When comparing a nectarine cv. Big Top and peach cv. Plácido with differing sensitivities to M. fruticola, a 250% higher accumulation of gluconic acid was observed in the susceptible peach cultivar than in the less susceptible nectarine cultivar. Under liquid conditions, at pH 3.6-3.7, the relative expression of transcripts of mfpg 2 and mfpg3, encoding for two polygalacturonase genes of M. fructicola, increased 12-fold and 6-fold, respectively, suggesting the importance of acidification for the secretion of pathogenicity factors by M. fructicola. Our results indicate that ambient pH is a regulatory cue for processes linked to pathogenicity of postharvest pathogens, and that specific genes contributing to pathogenicity are expressed as a result of the environmental pH created by the pathogen. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
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Role of gluconic acid and pH modulation in virulence of Monilinia fructicola on peach fruit
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De Cal, A., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Sandín-España, P., DTEVFP - Phytosanitary Products Unit, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Martinez, F., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Egüen, B., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Chien-Ming, C., Department of Plant Pathology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taiwan
Lee, M.H., Department of Plant Pathology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taiwan
Melgarejo, P., Department of Plant Protection, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de La Coruña km 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Prusky, D., Centro Hispanluso de Investigaciones Agrarias (CIALE), Universidad de Salamanca, Spain, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Fruit, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Role of gluconic acid and pH modulation in virulence of Monilinia fructicola on peach fruit
Colonization of nectarines and peaches fruit by Monilinia fructicola was accompanied by local acidification of the host tissue. The fungus acidified the host tissue in peaches and nectarines from pH 4.5 and 4.45, to pH 3.75 and 3.9, respectively. Analysis of the acidification process in colonized fruit and secondary inducing media showed that gluconic acid was the main organic acid accumulated at the infection site and under liquid-culture conditions. When comparing a nectarine cv. Big Top and peach cv. Plácido with differing sensitivities to M. fruticola, a 250% higher accumulation of gluconic acid was observed in the susceptible peach cultivar than in the less susceptible nectarine cultivar. Under liquid conditions, at pH 3.6-3.7, the relative expression of transcripts of mfpg 2 and mfpg3, encoding for two polygalacturonase genes of M. fructicola, increased 12-fold and 6-fold, respectively, suggesting the importance of acidification for the secretion of pathogenicity factors by M. fructicola. Our results indicate that ambient pH is a regulatory cue for processes linked to pathogenicity of postharvest pathogens, and that specific genes contributing to pathogenicity are expressed as a result of the environmental pH created by the pathogen. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
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