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Convergent evolution in plant specialized metabolism
Year:
2011
Source of publication :
Annual Review of Plant Biology
Authors :
Lewinsohn, Efraim
;
.
Volume :
62
Co-Authors:
Pichersky, E., Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe ya'Ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
549
To page:
566
(
Total pages:
18
)
Abstract:
Plants synthesize a multitude of compounds that contribute to adaptation to their ecological niches. Such compounds serve as attractants of other living organisms beneficial to the plants or as defense against other biotic as well as abiotic agents. Selection for increased fitness, a never-ending process, has resulted in each plant lineage synthesizing a distinct set of specialized metabolites appropriate for its environment. The total number of specialized metabolites found in the plant kingdom far exceeds the capacity of any one plant genome to encode the necessary enzymes, and just as a plant lineage acquires the ability to make new specialized compounds during evolution, it also loses the ability to make others. Although the ability of plants to make novel, specialized metabolites continues to evolve, there are also many examples in which different plants have independently evolved the ability to make compounds already present in other plant lineages or to make different compounds that fulfill the same roleâ€"both are examples of convergent evolution. Here, we discuss many examples of convergent evolution in specialized metabolism. There are many genetic and biochemical mechanisms that can give rise to convergent evolution, and we conclude that, overall, convergent evolution in plant specialized metabolism is surprisingly common. Copyright © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Biochemistry
Evolution
Genetics
genomics
metabolism
Metabolomics
plant
Plants
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103814
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27905
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:35
Scientific Publication
Convergent evolution in plant specialized metabolism
62
Pichersky, E., Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Vegetable Crops, Newe ya'Ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Convergent evolution in plant specialized metabolism
Plants synthesize a multitude of compounds that contribute to adaptation to their ecological niches. Such compounds serve as attractants of other living organisms beneficial to the plants or as defense against other biotic as well as abiotic agents. Selection for increased fitness, a never-ending process, has resulted in each plant lineage synthesizing a distinct set of specialized metabolites appropriate for its environment. The total number of specialized metabolites found in the plant kingdom far exceeds the capacity of any one plant genome to encode the necessary enzymes, and just as a plant lineage acquires the ability to make new specialized compounds during evolution, it also loses the ability to make others. Although the ability of plants to make novel, specialized metabolites continues to evolve, there are also many examples in which different plants have independently evolved the ability to make compounds already present in other plant lineages or to make different compounds that fulfill the same roleâ€"both are examples of convergent evolution. Here, we discuss many examples of convergent evolution in specialized metabolism. There are many genetic and biochemical mechanisms that can give rise to convergent evolution, and we conclude that, overall, convergent evolution in plant specialized metabolism is surprisingly common. Copyright © 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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