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Ejector irreversibility characteristics
Year:
2003
Authors :
Arbel, Avraham
;
.
Barak, Moti
;
.
Shklyar, Alexander
;
.
Volume :
125
Co-Authors:

Arbel, A., Inst. of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shklyar, A., Inst. of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hershgal, D., Dept. of Fluid Mech./Heat Transfer, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
Barak, M., Inst. of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sokolov, M., Dept. of Fluid Mech./Heat Transfer, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
121
To page:
129
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The present study analyzes and characterizes the irreversibility of the ejector's internal processes in an effort to improve the understanding of the making of its overall performance. The analysis presented is based on entropy production methodology. Since entropy production is equivalent to performance losses, minimizing entropy production could serve as a tool for performance optimization. The three main internal processes forming sources of ejector irreversibility are mixing, kinetic energy losses, and normal shock wave. Comparison of these with those of an ideal mixing process, an ideal turbine-compressor system and stagnation conditions (of the flow after mixing) provides the benchmarks against which the actual overall performance is measured. By identifying the sources of irreversibility, the analysis provides a diagnostic tool for performance improvements. While irreversibility due to mixing can be eliminated by appropriate choice of gas and/or inlet conditions and an appropriate adjustable throat can eliminate losses associated with normal shock wave-kinetic energy losses can only be reduced but not totally eliminated.
Note:
Related Files :
Compressors
Ejectors (pumps)
Entropy
Flow of fluids
Heat losses
Hydraulic turbines
Mixing
optimization
Shock waves
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1115/1.1523067
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
27923
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:35
Scientific Publication
Ejector irreversibility characteristics
125

Arbel, A., Inst. of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shklyar, A., Inst. of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hershgal, D., Dept. of Fluid Mech./Heat Transfer, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel
Barak, M., Inst. of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Sokolov, M., Dept. of Fluid Mech./Heat Transfer, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Israel

Ejector irreversibility characteristics
The present study analyzes and characterizes the irreversibility of the ejector's internal processes in an effort to improve the understanding of the making of its overall performance. The analysis presented is based on entropy production methodology. Since entropy production is equivalent to performance losses, minimizing entropy production could serve as a tool for performance optimization. The three main internal processes forming sources of ejector irreversibility are mixing, kinetic energy losses, and normal shock wave. Comparison of these with those of an ideal mixing process, an ideal turbine-compressor system and stagnation conditions (of the flow after mixing) provides the benchmarks against which the actual overall performance is measured. By identifying the sources of irreversibility, the analysis provides a diagnostic tool for performance improvements. While irreversibility due to mixing can be eliminated by appropriate choice of gas and/or inlet conditions and an appropriate adjustable throat can eliminate losses associated with normal shock wave-kinetic energy losses can only be reduced but not totally eliminated.
Scientific Publication
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