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Euphytica
Bar, M., Dept. of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Frankel, R., Dept. of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
The influence of seven recessive male-sterile alleles on early marketable yield, total marketable yield and average fruit weight in heterozygous F1 hybrid tomatoes was studied. Differences were found between nearisogenic F1 hybrid pairs, in the mutants ms-14, ms-17 and ms-18 for percentage of early marketable yield; in the mutants ms-17, ms-31 and ms-47 for average fruit weight; and in the mutants ms-14, ms-17 and ms-33 for total marketable yield. These differences may be attributed to pleiotropic effects of male-sterility alleles or genes highly linked to these alleles. The direction and the magnitude of the pleiotropic effect on a specific characteristic were found to be dependent on the general genetic background of the parental lines and the specific combining ability of the F1 hybrid. Interactions found in crosses between male-sterile and male-fertile female lines and parental lines suggest that male-sterility alleles affect the general combining ability of female lines. Such differences were demonstrated to be statistically significant for percentage of early marketable yield with mutant ms-18, for average fruit weight with mutants ms-47, and for total marketable yield with mutant ms-17 and ms-33. The absence of uniformity with respect to the pleiotropic effects and occasional deviations in the general combining ability are discussed. © 1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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Pleiotropic effects of male sterility genes in hybrid tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)
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Bar, M., Dept. of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Frankel, R., Dept. of Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Pleiotropic effects of male sterility genes in hybrid tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)
The influence of seven recessive male-sterile alleles on early marketable yield, total marketable yield and average fruit weight in heterozygous F1 hybrid tomatoes was studied. Differences were found between nearisogenic F1 hybrid pairs, in the mutants ms-14, ms-17 and ms-18 for percentage of early marketable yield; in the mutants ms-17, ms-31 and ms-47 for average fruit weight; and in the mutants ms-14, ms-17 and ms-33 for total marketable yield. These differences may be attributed to pleiotropic effects of male-sterility alleles or genes highly linked to these alleles. The direction and the magnitude of the pleiotropic effect on a specific characteristic were found to be dependent on the general genetic background of the parental lines and the specific combining ability of the F1 hybrid. Interactions found in crosses between male-sterile and male-fertile female lines and parental lines suggest that male-sterility alleles affect the general combining ability of female lines. Such differences were demonstrated to be statistically significant for percentage of early marketable yield with mutant ms-18, for average fruit weight with mutants ms-47, and for total marketable yield with mutant ms-17 and ms-33. The absence of uniformity with respect to the pleiotropic effects and occasional deviations in the general combining ability are discussed. © 1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Scientific Publication
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