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Natural antioxidants in grapes and wines
Year:
1994
Authors :
Granit, Rina
;
.
Kanner, Joseph
;
.
Volume :
42
Co-Authors:
Kanner, J., Department of Food Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Frankel, E., Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Granit, R., Department of Food Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
German, B., Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Kinsella, J.E., Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
64
To page:
69
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The concentrations of phenolics of three grape varieties and two red wines were determined. The red grape variety and the red wines contain phenolics at concentrations of 920 mg/kg and 1800 and 3200 mg/L, respectively. The antioxidative effects of wine phenolics on the catalysis of lipid peroxidation by biological catalysts such as myoglobin, cytochrome c, iron ascorbate, and copper ions were estimated. Lipid peroxidation catalyzed by myoglobin, cytochrome c, and iron ascorbate was inhibited (I50) by wine phenolics at concentrations of 0.2, 0.35, and 0.9 μg of phenolics/mL. The antioxidative effects of wine phenolics were determined also in a system containing low-density lipoproteins (LDL) oxidized ex vivo by Cu2+ ions. The inhibition of LDL oxidation by wine phenolics was compared with that by α-tocopherol. The results show I50 inhibitions of less than 1 μM for wine phenolics and 2 μM for α-tocopherol, respectively. The nutritional implications of natural antioxidants at high concentration in grapes, wines, and byproducts, and their utilization in foods, are discussed. © 1994 American Chemical Society.
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Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28014
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:36
Scientific Publication
Natural antioxidants in grapes and wines
42
Kanner, J., Department of Food Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Frankel, E., Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Granit, R., Department of Food Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
German, B., Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Kinsella, J.E., Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, United States
Natural antioxidants in grapes and wines
The concentrations of phenolics of three grape varieties and two red wines were determined. The red grape variety and the red wines contain phenolics at concentrations of 920 mg/kg and 1800 and 3200 mg/L, respectively. The antioxidative effects of wine phenolics on the catalysis of lipid peroxidation by biological catalysts such as myoglobin, cytochrome c, iron ascorbate, and copper ions were estimated. Lipid peroxidation catalyzed by myoglobin, cytochrome c, and iron ascorbate was inhibited (I50) by wine phenolics at concentrations of 0.2, 0.35, and 0.9 μg of phenolics/mL. The antioxidative effects of wine phenolics were determined also in a system containing low-density lipoproteins (LDL) oxidized ex vivo by Cu2+ ions. The inhibition of LDL oxidation by wine phenolics was compared with that by α-tocopherol. The results show I50 inhibitions of less than 1 μM for wine phenolics and 2 μM for α-tocopherol, respectively. The nutritional implications of natural antioxidants at high concentration in grapes, wines, and byproducts, and their utilization in foods, are discussed. © 1994 American Chemical Society.
Scientific Publication
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