Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
The effect of temperature and relative humidity on the formation of Metarhizium anisopliae chlamydospores in tick eggs
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Fungal Biology
Authors :
Gindin, Galina
;
.
Glazer, Itamar
;
.
Ment, Dana
;
.
Samish, Michael
;
.
Volume :
114
Co-Authors:
Ment, D., ARO, The Volcani Center, (ARO), P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O.B. 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Gindin, G., ARO, The Volcani Center, (ARO), P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Glazer, I., ARO, The Volcani Center, (ARO), P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Perl, S., Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O.B. 12, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Elad, D., Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O.B. 12, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Samish, M., Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O.B. 12, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
49
To page:
56
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The influence of ambient conditions on the development of Metarhizium anisopliae chlamydospores in tick eggs is reported for the first time. The infection of tick eggs by M. anisopliae involves common events, such as adhesion, conidial germination, appressoria formation, invasion, and development within the eggs. However, the final stage of fungal development differs according to the environmental conditions. At high humidity (close to 100. %) and moderate temperature (25°C) the fungus emerged from the eggs and formed conidiophores and conidia externally on the dead eggs. Elevating the temperature to 30°C or reducing humidity to 55-75. % induced the production of chlamydospores inside the eggs, without conidiogenesis. When eggs with mature chlamydospores were returned to the appropriate conditions (25°C and 100. % RH), conidiogenesis was recovered. Formation of chlamydospores, observed by means of histology and TEM, began with the thickening and septation of hyphae. As the chlamydospore wall thickened a new external undulated wall layer appeared. The mature chlamydospore in eggs has an oval shape (5.3 ± 0.9 μm long, 2.5 ± 0.2 μm wide); its wall comprises three distinct layers. The ability of M. anisopliae to produce chlamydospores under harsh conditions is advantageous and should be considered in application. © 2009 The British Mycological Society.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
Animals
fungi
germination
Growth, Development and Aging
humidity
Microbiology
temperature
temperature effect
ultrastructure
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.mycres.2009.10.005
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28098
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:36
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
The effect of temperature and relative humidity on the formation of Metarhizium anisopliae chlamydospores in tick eggs
114
Ment, D., ARO, The Volcani Center, (ARO), P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O.B. 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Gindin, G., ARO, The Volcani Center, (ARO), P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Glazer, I., ARO, The Volcani Center, (ARO), P.O.B. 6, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Perl, S., Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O.B. 12, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Elad, D., Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O.B. 12, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
Samish, M., Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O.B. 12, Bet-Dagan 50250, Israel
The effect of temperature and relative humidity on the formation of Metarhizium anisopliae chlamydospores in tick eggs
The influence of ambient conditions on the development of Metarhizium anisopliae chlamydospores in tick eggs is reported for the first time. The infection of tick eggs by M. anisopliae involves common events, such as adhesion, conidial germination, appressoria formation, invasion, and development within the eggs. However, the final stage of fungal development differs according to the environmental conditions. At high humidity (close to 100. %) and moderate temperature (25°C) the fungus emerged from the eggs and formed conidiophores and conidia externally on the dead eggs. Elevating the temperature to 30°C or reducing humidity to 55-75. % induced the production of chlamydospores inside the eggs, without conidiogenesis. When eggs with mature chlamydospores were returned to the appropriate conditions (25°C and 100. % RH), conidiogenesis was recovered. Formation of chlamydospores, observed by means of histology and TEM, began with the thickening and septation of hyphae. As the chlamydospore wall thickened a new external undulated wall layer appeared. The mature chlamydospore in eggs has an oval shape (5.3 ± 0.9 μm long, 2.5 ± 0.2 μm wide); its wall comprises three distinct layers. The ability of M. anisopliae to produce chlamydospores under harsh conditions is advantageous and should be considered in application. © 2009 The British Mycological Society.
Scientific Publication
נגישות
menu      
You may also be interested in