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Observation on the use of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in the prevention of bovine parturient paresis: the effect of a single injection on plasma 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, calcium, and hydroxyproline.
Year:
1985
Source of publication :
Journal of Dairy Science
Authors :
Bär, Arie
;
.
Perlman, Rivka
;
.
Volume :
68
Co-Authors:
Bar, A.
Perlman, R.
Sachs, M.
Facilitators :
From page:
1952
To page:
1958
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Israeli Friesian cows in the third or later lactation, were injected intramuscularly with 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in propylene glycol. Plasma 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 peaked 24 to 48 h after 700 micrograms of the drug was injected and decreased to the initial concentration 4 d later. The disappearance rate of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 from the blood was .330 d-1 (biological half-life of 2.1 d). Plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 peaked 24 to 48 h after the injection and approached the initial concentration 5 to 7 d later. Plasma calcium increased within 24 h, reached a plateau at 4 to 6 d, and then decreased. Administration of 700 micrograms 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 resulted in higher plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and calcium concentrations than when 350 micrograms of the drug was injected. 1 alpha-Hydroxyvitamin D3 did not affect plasma hydroxyproline. The injection of 700 micrograms 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 52 to 36 h before parturition resulted in a greater increase in plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 than that obtained with 350 micrograms. In both groups 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 peaked 24 h after injection, as opposed to the controls, which peaked 72 h postpartum. At parturition, the 700-micrograms dose resulted in a slight hypercalcemia; the 350-micrograms dose moderated the hypocalcemia prevalent during this period, whereas in controls hypocalcemia was more pronounced. In cows injected with 700 micrograms, hypercalcemia was observed until the 15th d postpartum. Plasma hydroxyproline was elevated in all cows 48 to 72 h after parturition, but the increase was smaller in animals injected with 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Note:
Related Files :
1-hydroxycholecalciferol
alfacalcidol
Animal
Blood
calcitriol
cattle
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Female
hydroxyproline
pregnancy
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28122
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:36
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Scientific Publication
Observation on the use of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in the prevention of bovine parturient paresis: the effect of a single injection on plasma 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, calcium, and hydroxyproline.
68
Bar, A.
Perlman, R.
Sachs, M.
Observation on the use of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in the prevention of bovine parturient paresis: the effect of a single injection on plasma 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, calcium, and hydroxyproline.
Israeli Friesian cows in the third or later lactation, were injected intramuscularly with 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 in propylene glycol. Plasma 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 peaked 24 to 48 h after 700 micrograms of the drug was injected and decreased to the initial concentration 4 d later. The disappearance rate of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 from the blood was .330 d-1 (biological half-life of 2.1 d). Plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 peaked 24 to 48 h after the injection and approached the initial concentration 5 to 7 d later. Plasma calcium increased within 24 h, reached a plateau at 4 to 6 d, and then decreased. Administration of 700 micrograms 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 resulted in higher plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and calcium concentrations than when 350 micrograms of the drug was injected. 1 alpha-Hydroxyvitamin D3 did not affect plasma hydroxyproline. The injection of 700 micrograms 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3 52 to 36 h before parturition resulted in a greater increase in plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 than that obtained with 350 micrograms. In both groups 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 peaked 24 h after injection, as opposed to the controls, which peaked 72 h postpartum. At parturition, the 700-micrograms dose resulted in a slight hypercalcemia; the 350-micrograms dose moderated the hypocalcemia prevalent during this period, whereas in controls hypocalcemia was more pronounced. In cows injected with 700 micrograms, hypercalcemia was observed until the 15th d postpartum. Plasma hydroxyproline was elevated in all cows 48 to 72 h after parturition, but the increase was smaller in animals injected with 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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