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Expression of the whey acidic protein in transgenic pigs impairs mammary development
Year:
1992
Source of publication :
Transgenic Research
Authors :
Shamay, Avi
;
.
Volume :
1
Co-Authors:
Shamay, A., Laboratory of Biochemistry and Metabolism, NIDDK, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, 20982, MD, United States
Pursel, V.G., Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, 20725, MD, United States
Wilkinson, E., Department of Pathobiology, The University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, 37901-1071, TN, United States
Wall, R.J., Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, 20725, MD, United States
Hennighausen, L., Laboratory of Biochemistry and Metabolism, NIDDK, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, 20982, MD, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
124
To page:
132
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The whey acidic protein has been found in milk of mice, rats, rabbits and camels, and its gene is expressed specifically in mammary tissue at late pregnancy and throughout lactation. A characteristic of whey acidic protein is the 'four-disulfide-core' signature which is also present in proteins involved in organ development. We have generated six lines of transgenic pigs which carry a mouse whey acidic protein transgene and express it at high levels in their mammary glands. Transgenic sows from three lines could not produce sufficient quantities of milk to support normal development of healthy offspring. This phenotype appears to be similar, if not identical, to the milchlos phenotype exhibited by mice expressing whey acidic protein transgenes. Mammary tissue from post-partum milchlos sows had an immature histological appearance, which was distinct from that observed during normal development or involution. Expression of the whey acidic protein transgene was found in mammary tissue from sexually immature pigs from milchlos lines, but not in sows from lines that appeared to lactate normally. We suggest that precocious synthesis of whey acidic protein impairs mammary development and function. Impaired mammary development due to inappropriate timing of whey acidic protein expression is consistent with the notion that proteins with the 'four-disulfide-core' signature participate in tissue formation. © 1992 Chapman & Hall.
Note:
Related Files :
biosynthesis
fatty acids
Female
gene expression
Genetics
lactation
mice
pregnancy
RNA
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF02528777
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28466
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:39
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Expression of the whey acidic protein in transgenic pigs impairs mammary development
1
Shamay, A., Laboratory of Biochemistry and Metabolism, NIDDK, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, 20982, MD, United States
Pursel, V.G., Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, 20725, MD, United States
Wilkinson, E., Department of Pathobiology, The University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, 37901-1071, TN, United States
Wall, R.J., Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, 20725, MD, United States
Hennighausen, L., Laboratory of Biochemistry and Metabolism, NIDDK, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, 20982, MD, United States
Expression of the whey acidic protein in transgenic pigs impairs mammary development
The whey acidic protein has been found in milk of mice, rats, rabbits and camels, and its gene is expressed specifically in mammary tissue at late pregnancy and throughout lactation. A characteristic of whey acidic protein is the 'four-disulfide-core' signature which is also present in proteins involved in organ development. We have generated six lines of transgenic pigs which carry a mouse whey acidic protein transgene and express it at high levels in their mammary glands. Transgenic sows from three lines could not produce sufficient quantities of milk to support normal development of healthy offspring. This phenotype appears to be similar, if not identical, to the milchlos phenotype exhibited by mice expressing whey acidic protein transgenes. Mammary tissue from post-partum milchlos sows had an immature histological appearance, which was distinct from that observed during normal development or involution. Expression of the whey acidic protein transgene was found in mammary tissue from sexually immature pigs from milchlos lines, but not in sows from lines that appeared to lactate normally. We suggest that precocious synthesis of whey acidic protein impairs mammary development and function. Impaired mammary development due to inappropriate timing of whey acidic protein expression is consistent with the notion that proteins with the 'four-disulfide-core' signature participate in tissue formation. © 1992 Chapman & Hall.
Scientific Publication
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