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Nitrate leaching from intensive organic farms to groundwater
Year:
2014
Authors :
Kurtzman, Daniel
;
.
Volume :
18
Co-Authors:
Dahan, O., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
Babad, A., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
Lazarovitch, N., Wyler Department of Dryland Agriculture, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
Russak, E.E., Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Kurtzman, D., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
333
To page:
341
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
It is commonly presumed that organic agriculture causes only minimal environmental pollution. In this study, we measured the quality of percolating water in the vadose zone, underlying both organic and conventional intensive greenhouses. Our study was conducted in newly established farms where the subsurface underlying the greenhouses has been monitored continuously from their establishment. Surprisingly, intensive organic agriculture relying on solid organic matter, such as composted manure that is implemented in the soil prior to planting as the sole fertilizer, resulted in significant down-leaching of nitrate through the vadose zone to the groundwater. On the other hand, similar intensive agriculture that implemented liquid fertilizer through drip irrigation, as commonly practiced in conventional agriculture, resulted in much lower rates of pollution of the vadose zone and groundwater. It has been shown that accurate fertilization methods that distribute the fertilizers through the irrigation system, according to plant demand, during the growing season dramatically reduce the potential for groundwater contamination from both organic and conventional greenhouses. © Author(s) 2014.
Note:
Related Files :
fertilization (reproduction)
fertilizer application
groundwater
irrigation
Organic Agriculture
vadose zone
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.5194/hess-18-333-2014
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28488
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:39
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Nitrate leaching from intensive organic farms to groundwater
18
Dahan, O., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
Babad, A., Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
Lazarovitch, N., Wyler Department of Dryland Agriculture, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel
Russak, E.E., Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Kurtzman, D., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Nitrate leaching from intensive organic farms to groundwater
It is commonly presumed that organic agriculture causes only minimal environmental pollution. In this study, we measured the quality of percolating water in the vadose zone, underlying both organic and conventional intensive greenhouses. Our study was conducted in newly established farms where the subsurface underlying the greenhouses has been monitored continuously from their establishment. Surprisingly, intensive organic agriculture relying on solid organic matter, such as composted manure that is implemented in the soil prior to planting as the sole fertilizer, resulted in significant down-leaching of nitrate through the vadose zone to the groundwater. On the other hand, similar intensive agriculture that implemented liquid fertilizer through drip irrigation, as commonly practiced in conventional agriculture, resulted in much lower rates of pollution of the vadose zone and groundwater. It has been shown that accurate fertilization methods that distribute the fertilizers through the irrigation system, according to plant demand, during the growing season dramatically reduce the potential for groundwater contamination from both organic and conventional greenhouses. © Author(s) 2014.
Scientific Publication
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