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Gibberellic acid (GA 3) application at the end of pit ripening: Effect on ripening and storage of two harvests of 'September Snow' peach
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Scientia Horticulturae
Authors :
Dagar, Anurag
;
.
Friedman, Haya
;
.
Lurie, Susan
;
.
Weksler, Asya
;
.
Volume :
140
Co-Authors:
Dagar, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Weksler, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, H., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lurie, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
125
To page:
130
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Gibberellic acid (GA 3) was applied in the orchard to study its effects on ripening and storage potential of two harvests of 'September Snow', a white fleshed, low-acid, freestone, melting type peach. Treatment was applied at the end of pit hardening at a dose of 60mgL -1 a.i. The fruit were harvested twice; on August 23 (first harvest) and on September 1 (second harvest). After harvest, fruit from both harvests were stored at 0°C for 3 and 5 weeks. At harvest, both control and GA 3-treated fruit of the first harvest had higher I AD (chlorophyll index of absorbance difference; the ratio 670nm/720nm), higher firmness, and titratable acidity compared to the second harvest, while total soluble solids content were similar in fruit from both harvests. Ethylene levels measured during ripening at 20°C after harvest were higher in the second harvest than the first harvest. During shelf life after harvest, or after storage, first harvest fruit were firmer than second harvest. The GA 3 effect on maintaining fruit firmness was greater in the first harvest compared to the second harvest during ripening after harvest and after 3 weeks of storage. Second harvest fruit softened more rapidly than the first harvest during shelf life of harvest and 3 weeks cold storage. Flesh bleeding, flesh browning and gel breakdown indices (collectively termed as chilling injury; CI indices) were either absent, lower or appeared later in shelf life in the first harvest compared to second harvest after 3 weeks cold storage. GA 3 application was more effective in the first harvest in reducing flesh bleeding and browning compared to the second harvest. Overall, the data suggest that the time of harvest is critical in determining the storage potential of the 'September Snow' peaches, and for optimal effect of GA 3. Furthermore, a combination of early harvest and GA 3 application at the end of pit hardening can improve the cold storage life of this peach cultivar. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
chilling injury
cold storage
cultivar
ethylene
food storage
harvesting
horticulture
injury
peach
Prunus persica
ripening
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.scienta.2012.03.013
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28547
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:40
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Scientific Publication
Gibberellic acid (GA 3) application at the end of pit ripening: Effect on ripening and storage of two harvests of 'September Snow' peach
140
Dagar, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Weksler, A., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, H., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lurie, S., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Gibberellic acid (GA 3) application at the end of pit ripening: Effect on ripening and storage of two harvests of 'September Snow' peach
Gibberellic acid (GA 3) was applied in the orchard to study its effects on ripening and storage potential of two harvests of 'September Snow', a white fleshed, low-acid, freestone, melting type peach. Treatment was applied at the end of pit hardening at a dose of 60mgL -1 a.i. The fruit were harvested twice; on August 23 (first harvest) and on September 1 (second harvest). After harvest, fruit from both harvests were stored at 0°C for 3 and 5 weeks. At harvest, both control and GA 3-treated fruit of the first harvest had higher I AD (chlorophyll index of absorbance difference; the ratio 670nm/720nm), higher firmness, and titratable acidity compared to the second harvest, while total soluble solids content were similar in fruit from both harvests. Ethylene levels measured during ripening at 20°C after harvest were higher in the second harvest than the first harvest. During shelf life after harvest, or after storage, first harvest fruit were firmer than second harvest. The GA 3 effect on maintaining fruit firmness was greater in the first harvest compared to the second harvest during ripening after harvest and after 3 weeks of storage. Second harvest fruit softened more rapidly than the first harvest during shelf life of harvest and 3 weeks cold storage. Flesh bleeding, flesh browning and gel breakdown indices (collectively termed as chilling injury; CI indices) were either absent, lower or appeared later in shelf life in the first harvest compared to second harvest after 3 weeks cold storage. GA 3 application was more effective in the first harvest in reducing flesh bleeding and browning compared to the second harvest. Overall, the data suggest that the time of harvest is critical in determining the storage potential of the 'September Snow' peaches, and for optimal effect of GA 3. Furthermore, a combination of early harvest and GA 3 application at the end of pit hardening can improve the cold storage life of this peach cultivar. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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