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Trace gas production for rapid non-destructive determination of seed viability
Year:
2004
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Klein, Joshua D.
;
.
Raz-Shalev (Hebbe), Yonit
;
.
Volume :
631
Co-Authors:
Klein, J.D., Department of Field Crops, ARO-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Santosa, E., Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Laarhoven, L.J., Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Boamfa, E.I., Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Hebbe, Y., Institute for Agricultural Research, According to the Torah, Yad Binyamin, Israel
Harren, F.J.M., Department of Field Crops, ARO-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
39
To page:
42
(
Total pages:
4
)
Abstract:
Seed viability, the most important factor in determining seed quality, is tested by destructive means that can take anywhere from 24 hours for assays for enzyme activity to as many days as it takes for the seed to actually germinate. We used cabbage (Brassica oleracea) and onion (Allium cepa) seeds as model systems for determining viability based on comparisons of gaseous emissions by intact control, naturally- and artificially-aged seeds, both with and without imbibition. Volatiles were monitored from imbibing seeds after 0.5 to 3 hours of accumulation. Dry seeds were sealed in vials for up to 20 hours before measurement of accumulated gases. Ethane, ethylene, acetaldehyde, and ethanol were measured in the range of pl/g by laser-based photoacoustic spectrometry, while CO2 was measured by infra-red absorption in the nl/g range. Ethane production, a marker for lipid peroxidation of membranes, decreased in proportion to seed age and germinability. Ethylene and acetaldehyde production increased in proportion to degree of seed ageing, while CO2 production decreased in aged seeds compared to non-aged controls, and ethanol production was not consistently related to ageing.
Note:
Related Files :
acetaldehyde
Cabbage
Carbon dioxide
Ethane
ethanol
ethylene
germination
onion
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Conference paper
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28551
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:40
Scientific Publication
Trace gas production for rapid non-destructive determination of seed viability
631
Klein, J.D., Department of Field Crops, ARO-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Santosa, E., Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Laarhoven, L.J., Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Boamfa, E.I., Life Science Trace Gas Facility, Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Hebbe, Y., Institute for Agricultural Research, According to the Torah, Yad Binyamin, Israel
Harren, F.J.M., Department of Field Crops, ARO-Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Trace gas production for rapid non-destructive determination of seed viability
Seed viability, the most important factor in determining seed quality, is tested by destructive means that can take anywhere from 24 hours for assays for enzyme activity to as many days as it takes for the seed to actually germinate. We used cabbage (Brassica oleracea) and onion (Allium cepa) seeds as model systems for determining viability based on comparisons of gaseous emissions by intact control, naturally- and artificially-aged seeds, both with and without imbibition. Volatiles were monitored from imbibing seeds after 0.5 to 3 hours of accumulation. Dry seeds were sealed in vials for up to 20 hours before measurement of accumulated gases. Ethane, ethylene, acetaldehyde, and ethanol were measured in the range of pl/g by laser-based photoacoustic spectrometry, while CO2 was measured by infra-red absorption in the nl/g range. Ethane production, a marker for lipid peroxidation of membranes, decreased in proportion to seed age and germinability. Ethylene and acetaldehyde production increased in proportion to degree of seed ageing, while CO2 production decreased in aged seeds compared to non-aged controls, and ethanol production was not consistently related to ageing.
Scientific Publication
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