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Low air humidity increases leaf-specific hydraulic conductance of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh (Brassicaceae)
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Journal of Experimental Botany
Authors :
Cohen, Shabtai
;
.
Kapulnik, Yoram
;
.
Lemcoff, Jorge Hugo
;
.
Volume :
58
Co-Authors:
Levin, M., Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lemcoff, J.H., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kapulnik, Y., Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
3711
To page:
3718
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The typical isohydric plant response to low relative humidity involves stomatal closure, followed by long-term responses like adjustment of shoot-to-root ratios. Little information is available on the early responses of the root system to exposure of shoots to low humidity, nor is it clear to what extent responses of Arabidopsis thaliana conform to the isohydric model. In this study, A. thaliana plants grown hydroponically at high humidity were exposed to two constant relative humidities, 17% and 77%, while the root system remained in aerated nutrient solution. Leaf conductance (gs), transpiration, water potential (Ψl), osmotic potential, and whole plant hydraulic conductance (K) were determined for the following time intervals: 0-10, 10-20, and 20-40 min, and 0-5, 5-10, and 24-29 h. At low relative humidity, no change in gs was detected. Ψl decreased by 0.28 MPa during the first 5 h and then remained stable. During the first hour, leaf-specific K averaged 1.6×10-5 kg MPa-1 m-2 s-1 at high humidity. At low humidity it increased >3-fold to 5.8×10-5 kg MPa-1 m-2 s-1. Similar significant differences in K were observed during all time periods. Low concentration mercury amendments in the hydroponic solution (5 μM and 10 μM HgCl2) had no discernible influence, but pre-exposure to 50 μM HgCl2 reduced K differences between humidity treatments. As HgCl2 is known to be a potent inhibitor of aquaporin function, this suggests that aquaporins may have played a role in the fast hydraulic response of plants transferred to low humidity. The rapid hydraulic response and the influence of mercury raise the possibility that an alternative response to atmospheric dryness is increased K modulated by aquaporins. © 2007 The Author(s).
Note:
Related Files :
arabidopsis
Brassicaceae
evapotranspiration
Genetics
humidity
transpiration
water
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1093/jxb/erm220
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28614
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:40
Scientific Publication
Low air humidity increases leaf-specific hydraulic conductance of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh (Brassicaceae)
58
Levin, M., Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lemcoff, J.H., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kapulnik, Y., Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Low air humidity increases leaf-specific hydraulic conductance of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh (Brassicaceae)
The typical isohydric plant response to low relative humidity involves stomatal closure, followed by long-term responses like adjustment of shoot-to-root ratios. Little information is available on the early responses of the root system to exposure of shoots to low humidity, nor is it clear to what extent responses of Arabidopsis thaliana conform to the isohydric model. In this study, A. thaliana plants grown hydroponically at high humidity were exposed to two constant relative humidities, 17% and 77%, while the root system remained in aerated nutrient solution. Leaf conductance (gs), transpiration, water potential (Ψl), osmotic potential, and whole plant hydraulic conductance (K) were determined for the following time intervals: 0-10, 10-20, and 20-40 min, and 0-5, 5-10, and 24-29 h. At low relative humidity, no change in gs was detected. Ψl decreased by 0.28 MPa during the first 5 h and then remained stable. During the first hour, leaf-specific K averaged 1.6×10-5 kg MPa-1 m-2 s-1 at high humidity. At low humidity it increased >3-fold to 5.8×10-5 kg MPa-1 m-2 s-1. Similar significant differences in K were observed during all time periods. Low concentration mercury amendments in the hydroponic solution (5 μM and 10 μM HgCl2) had no discernible influence, but pre-exposure to 50 μM HgCl2 reduced K differences between humidity treatments. As HgCl2 is known to be a potent inhibitor of aquaporin function, this suggests that aquaporins may have played a role in the fast hydraulic response of plants transferred to low humidity. The rapid hydraulic response and the influence of mercury raise the possibility that an alternative response to atmospheric dryness is increased K modulated by aquaporins. © 2007 The Author(s).
Scientific Publication
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