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Evaluation of a Newly Isolated Bacterium, Pseudomonas chitinolytica sp. nov., for Controlling the Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne javanica
Year:
1991
Source of publication :
Biocontrol Science and Technology
Authors :
Cohn, Eli
;
.
Galper, Sergio
;
.
Sharon, Edna
;
.
Spiegel, Yitzhak
;
.
Volume :
1
Co-Authors:
Spiegel, Y., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Cohn, E., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Galper, S., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Sharon, E., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Chet, I., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovoi, 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
115
To page:
125
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
Soils infested with the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica were treated with Pseudomonas chitinolytica sp. nov. a bacterium isolated from crustacean shell-amended soil, and planted with tomato seedlings. Tests performed in greenhouses and screenhouses, as well as in microplots, indicated improved growth and yield of nematode-infected plants exposed to P. chitinolytica, with reduced nematode infection in comparison with infected non-treated plants. Speed seedling tests showed a significant decrease in second-stage juveniles (J2) penetrating into the roots; multiwell in vitro tests revealed an increase in the mortality rate of J2 exposed to the microorganism. P. chitinolytica filtrate expressed strong chitinolytic and proteolytic activities. However, nematode eggs pretreated with P. chitinolytica filtrate and then incubated with wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to fluorescein iso thiocyanate, exhibited the same labelling pattern as non-filtrate-treated eggs. This excluded the possibility of direct chitinolytic involvement of P. chitinolytica filtrate with nematode eggs. Dialyzed or boiledfiltrate did not affect J2 mobility or root infection, which excluded the possibility of proteolytic involvement with J2. Although the exact mode of action of P. chitinolytica and the technology of its application for field control of plant parasitic nematodes require further investigation, this potential bionematicide offers promise. copyright © 1991, IEEE. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
biological control Meloidogyne javanica
Meloidogyne javanica
nematode
Pseudomonas
Root-knot nematode
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1080/09583159109355191
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
28944
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:43
Scientific Publication
Evaluation of a Newly Isolated Bacterium, Pseudomonas chitinolytica sp. nov., for Controlling the Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne javanica
1
Spiegel, Y., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Cohn, E., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Galper, S., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Sharon, E., Department of Nematology, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Centre, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Chet, I., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovoi, 76100, Israel
Evaluation of a Newly Isolated Bacterium, Pseudomonas chitinolytica sp. nov., for Controlling the Root-knot Nematode Meloidogyne javanica
Soils infested with the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica were treated with Pseudomonas chitinolytica sp. nov. a bacterium isolated from crustacean shell-amended soil, and planted with tomato seedlings. Tests performed in greenhouses and screenhouses, as well as in microplots, indicated improved growth and yield of nematode-infected plants exposed to P. chitinolytica, with reduced nematode infection in comparison with infected non-treated plants. Speed seedling tests showed a significant decrease in second-stage juveniles (J2) penetrating into the roots; multiwell in vitro tests revealed an increase in the mortality rate of J2 exposed to the microorganism. P. chitinolytica filtrate expressed strong chitinolytic and proteolytic activities. However, nematode eggs pretreated with P. chitinolytica filtrate and then incubated with wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to fluorescein iso thiocyanate, exhibited the same labelling pattern as non-filtrate-treated eggs. This excluded the possibility of direct chitinolytic involvement of P. chitinolytica filtrate with nematode eggs. Dialyzed or boiledfiltrate did not affect J2 mobility or root infection, which excluded the possibility of proteolytic involvement with J2. Although the exact mode of action of P. chitinolytica and the technology of its application for field control of plant parasitic nematodes require further investigation, this potential bionematicide offers promise. copyright © 1991, IEEE. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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