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Translocation of mal secco toxin in lemons and its effect on electrolyte leakage, transpiration, and citrus callus growth
Year:
1977
Source of publication :
Phytoparasitica
Authors :
Nachmias, Abraham
;
.
Solel, Zvi
;
.
Volume :
5
Co-Authors:
Nachmias, A., Dept. of Botany, The Dr. George S. Wise Center for Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Barash, I., Dept. of Botany, The Dr. George S. Wise Center for Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Solel, Z., Div. of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Strobel, G.A., Dept. of Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Montana Agricultural Experiment Station publication no. 775, Bozeman, Montana, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
94
To page:
103
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
A bioassay test was developed for quantifying mal secco toxin based on electrolyte loss from treated carrot discs. A linear relationship was established between toxin concentration and electrolyte leakage as measured by conductivity of the bathing solution. The lowest amount of toxin which could be detected by this method was 32 μg/ml. The toxin decreased transpiration rate of tomato cuttings. A hyperbolic plot was obtained when reduction in transpiration rate was followed as a function of time. C14-labeled toxin was obtained by growing the fungus in the presence of radioactive amino acids. The purified radioactive toxin had a specific activity of 5.5 x 104 cpm/mg toxin. Radioactivity was readily translocated in lemon cuttings. The detection of radioactivity in the leaves was correlated with symptoms' appearance. Callus growth of a lemon cultivar highly susceptible to mal secco (Eureka) was inhibited by 0.3 mg toxin/ml, whereas an orange cultivar (Shamouti) was not affected by the toxin. © 1977 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Citrus
lemons
Mal secco
toxins
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF02981147
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29005
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:43
Scientific Publication
Translocation of mal secco toxin in lemons and its effect on electrolyte leakage, transpiration, and citrus callus growth
5
Nachmias, A., Dept. of Botany, The Dr. George S. Wise Center for Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Barash, I., Dept. of Botany, The Dr. George S. Wise Center for Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Solel, Z., Div. of Plant Pathology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Strobel, G.A., Dept. of Plant Pathology, Montana State University, Montana Agricultural Experiment Station publication no. 775, Bozeman, Montana, United States
Translocation of mal secco toxin in lemons and its effect on electrolyte leakage, transpiration, and citrus callus growth
A bioassay test was developed for quantifying mal secco toxin based on electrolyte loss from treated carrot discs. A linear relationship was established between toxin concentration and electrolyte leakage as measured by conductivity of the bathing solution. The lowest amount of toxin which could be detected by this method was 32 μg/ml. The toxin decreased transpiration rate of tomato cuttings. A hyperbolic plot was obtained when reduction in transpiration rate was followed as a function of time. C14-labeled toxin was obtained by growing the fungus in the presence of radioactive amino acids. The purified radioactive toxin had a specific activity of 5.5 x 104 cpm/mg toxin. Radioactivity was readily translocated in lemon cuttings. The detection of radioactivity in the leaves was correlated with symptoms' appearance. Callus growth of a lemon cultivar highly susceptible to mal secco (Eureka) was inhibited by 0.3 mg toxin/ml, whereas an orange cultivar (Shamouti) was not affected by the toxin. © 1977 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Scientific Publication
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