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Changes in the sensitivity of Erwinia amylovora populations to streptomycin and oxolinic acid in Israel
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Plant Disease
Authors :
Kleitman, Frida
;
.
Shabi, Ezra
;
.
Shtienberg, Dan
;
.
Volume :
87
Co-Authors:
Manulis, S., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kleitman, F., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shwartz, H., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Oppenheim, D., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zilberstaine, M., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shabi, E., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
650
To page:
654
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
A survey of streptomycin resistance in the fire blight pathogen, Erwinia amylovora, conducted in pear, apple, and quince orchards in Israel during 1998 to 2001 revealed a decrease in the frequency of locations with streptomycin-resistant strains, from 57% in 1998 to 15% in 2001. In 2001, streptomycin-resistant strains were detected in only five locations in two restricted areas in western Galilee and the Golan Heights, compared with 16 locations found in 1998 throughout the northern part of the country. Since the use of streptomycin for fire blight control was terminated in 1997, this antibiotic has been replaced with oxolinic acid (Starner) in commercial orchards. Strains resistant to oxolinic acid were isolated from two pear orchards in the northern part of Israel in 1999. In a nationwide survey conducted during the spring and winter of 2000 and 2001, 51 and 47 pome fruit orchards, respectively, were sampled. Oxolinic acid-resistant strains were detected in several orchards located in two restricted areas in northern Galilee. Strains with resistance to both streptomycin and oxolinic acid were not found during 2000 to 2001. Results of this survey are used in managing fire blight with bactericides.
Note:
Related Files :
Acids
Erwinia
Erwinia amylovora
fire blight
Malus x domestica
Orchards
Pyrus communis
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29012
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:43
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Changes in the sensitivity of Erwinia amylovora populations to streptomycin and oxolinic acid in Israel
87
Manulis, S., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kleitman, F., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shwartz, H., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Oppenheim, D., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zilberstaine, M., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shabi, E., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Changes in the sensitivity of Erwinia amylovora populations to streptomycin and oxolinic acid in Israel
A survey of streptomycin resistance in the fire blight pathogen, Erwinia amylovora, conducted in pear, apple, and quince orchards in Israel during 1998 to 2001 revealed a decrease in the frequency of locations with streptomycin-resistant strains, from 57% in 1998 to 15% in 2001. In 2001, streptomycin-resistant strains were detected in only five locations in two restricted areas in western Galilee and the Golan Heights, compared with 16 locations found in 1998 throughout the northern part of the country. Since the use of streptomycin for fire blight control was terminated in 1997, this antibiotic has been replaced with oxolinic acid (Starner) in commercial orchards. Strains resistant to oxolinic acid were isolated from two pear orchards in the northern part of Israel in 1999. In a nationwide survey conducted during the spring and winter of 2000 and 2001, 51 and 47 pome fruit orchards, respectively, were sampled. Oxolinic acid-resistant strains were detected in several orchards located in two restricted areas in northern Galilee. Strains with resistance to both streptomycin and oxolinic acid were not found during 2000 to 2001. Results of this survey are used in managing fire blight with bactericides.
Scientific Publication
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