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Foliar residues and toxicity to green leafhoppers of the systemic insecticides aldicarb and its isomer butocarboxim in young peach and plum groves
Year:
1984
Source of publication :
Pesticide Science
Authors :
Aharonson, Nadav
;
.
Klein, Meir
;
.
Muszkat, Lea
;
.
Volume :
15
Co-Authors:
Klein, M., Department of Entomology of Pesticides and Natural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Aharonson, N., Department of Chemistry of Pesticides and Natural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Muszkat, L., Department of Chemistry of Pesticides and Natural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
520
To page:
525
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The isomeric systemic carbamoyloximes aldicarb and butocarboxim were applied at two dose rates to the soil in young peach and plum groves to control the green leafhopper Asymmetrasca decedens Paoli. The effectiveness of the treatments was assessed indirectly by measuring the growth rate of shoots, and by determining the adult mortality of leafhoppers that were collected in the field and kept for 24 h on detached peach leaves in the laboratory. Residues of the insecticides and of their sulphoxide and sulphone metabolites, in the leaves of the peach trees, were determined 18 and 31 days after treatment. Only the sulphoxides and sulphones were found; the sulphoxides amounted to 70–80% of the toxic residues after 18 days, and to 50–70% after 31 days. At an identical rate of application, the leaves from aldicarb‐treated peach trees contained higher concentrations of the toxic metabolites and were more toxic to leafhoppers than those of trees treated with butocarboxim. Copyright © 1984 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
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DOI :
10.1002/ps.2780150514
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29065
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:44
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Scientific Publication
Foliar residues and toxicity to green leafhoppers of the systemic insecticides aldicarb and its isomer butocarboxim in young peach and plum groves
15
Klein, M., Department of Entomology of Pesticides and Natural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Aharonson, N., Department of Chemistry of Pesticides and Natural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Muszkat, L., Department of Chemistry of Pesticides and Natural Products, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Foliar residues and toxicity to green leafhoppers of the systemic insecticides aldicarb and its isomer butocarboxim in young peach and plum groves
The isomeric systemic carbamoyloximes aldicarb and butocarboxim were applied at two dose rates to the soil in young peach and plum groves to control the green leafhopper Asymmetrasca decedens Paoli. The effectiveness of the treatments was assessed indirectly by measuring the growth rate of shoots, and by determining the adult mortality of leafhoppers that were collected in the field and kept for 24 h on detached peach leaves in the laboratory. Residues of the insecticides and of their sulphoxide and sulphone metabolites, in the leaves of the peach trees, were determined 18 and 31 days after treatment. Only the sulphoxides and sulphones were found; the sulphoxides amounted to 70–80% of the toxic residues after 18 days, and to 50–70% after 31 days. At an identical rate of application, the leaves from aldicarb‐treated peach trees contained higher concentrations of the toxic metabolites and were more toxic to leafhoppers than those of trees treated with butocarboxim. Copyright © 1984 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Scientific Publication
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